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Frontiers of Agriculture in China

ISSN 1673-7334

ISSN 1673-744X(Online)

CN 11-5729/S

Front. Agric. China    2007, Vol. 1 Issue (1) : 30-36     DOI: 10.1007/s11703-007-0005-z
Research article |
Effects of nitrogen fertilizer on nitrogen use efficiency and yield of rice under different soil conditions
Quanbao YE(),Hongcheng ZHANG,Haiyan WEI,Ying ZHANG,Benfu WANG,Ke XIA,Zhongyang HUO,Qigen DAI,Ke XU
Engineering & Technology Center for Crop Cultivation of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
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Abstract

Four rice cultivars were used to study the effects of nitrogen fertilizer on nitrogen use efficiency, yield and characteristics of nitrogen uptake under two soil conditions (sandy and clay soil) in soil culture pool. The results were as follows. First, yield of rice in sandy and clay soil was increased by nitrogen application, and that in clay soil was higher than that in sandy soil, but the effect of nitrogen on yield increment was greater in sandy soil than in clay soil. Second, nitrogen utilization of rice was different under different soil conditions. Nitrogen harvest index (NHI) and physiological Nitrogen use efficiency (PNUE) were higher in sandy soil than in clay soil. Apparent Nitrogen recovery efficiency (ANRE), partial factor productivity for applied Nitrogen (PFP), and soil Nitrogen dependent rate (SNDR) were higher in clay soil than in sandy soil. Agronomic Nitrogen use efficiency (ANUE) was varied in different cultivars under different soil conditions. Third, N harvest index, agronomic N use efficiency, physiological N use efficiency, partial factor productivity for applied N, and soil N dependent rate were decreased significantly with the increment of the amount of nitrogen applied under two soil conditions. In sandy soil, ANRE was increased with the increasing nitrogen application and reached the highest value at high nitrogen level. However, in clay soil, ANRE was increased with the increasing of nitrogen application at first, and reached the highest value at medium nitrogen level, then decreased dramatically at high nitrogen level. Fourth, N uptake rate for rice straw and for rice grain and total N uptake rate for rice were higher in sandy clay soil than in sandy soil, but the difference between them was relatively small. Fifth, under different soil conditions, there were significant genotypic differences in the effects of applying nitrogen fertilizer on nitrogen use efficiency, yield, and characteristics of nitrogen uptake.

Keywords rice      soil condition      applying of nitrogen fertilizer      nitrogen use efficiency      effective yield increasing      characters of nitrogen uptake     
Issue Date: 22 February 2016
 Cite this article:   
Quanbao YE,Hongcheng ZHANG,Haiyan WEI, et al. Effects of nitrogen fertilizer on nitrogen use efficiency and yield of rice under different soil conditions[J]. Front. Agric. China, 2007, 1(1): 30-36.
 URL:  
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fag/EN/10.1007/s11703-007-0005-z
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fag/EN/Y2007/V1/I1/30
Soil type Organic matter /g·kg-1 Total N/g·kg-1 Alkalihdro. N/mg·kg-1 Avail. P/mg·kg-1 Avail. K/ mg·kg-1
Sandy soil 7.2 0.43 18.7 24.9 54.3
Clay soil 8.6 0.58 42.2 15.2 73.4
Table 1  Soil characteristics in the experiment
Genotype Nitrogen level/kg·hm-2 Sandy soil Clay soil
Yield / kg · hm-2 Increased yield / % Yield/ kg · hm-2 Increased yield / %
Fengyouxiangzhan 0 4294.5 Dd 5035.5 C d
150 7407 Cc 72.5 8556 B c 69.9
225 8448 Bb 96.7 9385.5 A a 86.4
300 8922 Aa 107.8 9264 A b 84
Wuxiangjing 14 0 4053 Cc 4806 D d
150 7285.5 Bb 79.8 8055 C c 67.6
225 8950.5 Aa 120.8 9465 B b 96.9
300 9303 Aa 129.5 9825 A a 104.4
Wuyujing 3 0 3742.5 Cd 4485 C d
150 6963 Bc 86.1 7780.5 B c 73.5
225 8080.5 Ab 115.9 9042 A a 101.6
300 8491.5 Aa 126.9 8850 A b 97.3
Huanjing 2 0 3508.5 Dd 4185 C d
150 6339 Cc 80.7 6888 B c 64.6
225 7605 Bb 116.8 8295 A b 98.2
300 8074.5 Aa 130.1 8512.5 A a 103.4
Table 2  Effect of nitrogen on rice yield under different soil conditions
Soil type Genotype Nitrogen fertilizer efficiency equation Tiptop yield / (kg · hm-2) Amount of nitrogen applied for tiptop yield / (kg · hm-2)
Sandy soil Fengyouxiangzhan y=-0.0369x2+26.568x+4288.9, r=0.9998 9071.1 360
Wuxiangjing 14 y=-0.0352x2+28.539x+4016.2, r=0.9957 9800.8 405.4
Wuyujing 3 y=-0.0399x2+27.926x+3733, r=0.9996 8619.4 349.9
Huajing 2 y=-0.0286x2+24.047x+3488.8, r=0.9984 8543.5 420.4
Clay soil Fengyouxiangzhan y=-0.0645x2+33.567x+5026.7, r=0.9996 9393.9 260.2
Wuxiangjing 14 y =-0.0384x2+28.574x+4780.7, r=0.9978 10096.3 372.1
Wuyujing 3 y =-0.0567x2+32.000x+4451.6, r=0.9956 8966.6 282.2
Huajing 2 y=-0.0314x2+24.287x+4150.8, r=0.9948 8847.1 386.7
Table 3  Nitrogen fertilizer efficiency equation and amount of nitrogen application for tiptop yield in rice under different soil conditions
Genotype Soil type Nitrogen level / kg · hm-2 NHI ANRE / % ANUE PNUE PFP SNDR / %
Fengyouxiangzhan Sandy soil 0 0.889
150 0.856 39.7 20.8 52.2 49.4 39.0
225 0.819 41.8 18.5 44.2 37.5 28.9
300 0.706 44.8 15.4 34.4 29.7 22.1
Mean 0.817 42.1 18.2 43.6 38.9 30.0
Clay soil 0 0.872
150 0.851 44.1 23.5 53.3 57.0 46.1
225 0.723 52.0 19.3 37.2 41.7 32.6
300 0.697 43.8 14.1 32.1 30.9 30.0
Mean 0.785 46.6 19.0 40.9 43.2 36.2
Wuxiangjing 14 Sandy soil 0 0.875
150 0.863 31.3 21.6 68.9 48.6 43.4
225 0.801 37.9 21.4 56.4 39.4 29.6
300 0.719 38.5 17.5 45.5 31.0 23.7
Mean 0.814 35.9 20.1 56.9 39.7 32.2
Clay soil 0 0.905
150 0.875 34.7 21.7 62.4 53.7 48.7
225 0.803 42.0 20.7 49.3 42.1 34.3
300 0.751 39.7 16.7 42.1 32.8 29.3
Mean 0.833 38.8 19.7 51.3 42.8 37.4
Wuyujing 3 Sandy soil 0 0.917
150 0.907 36.5 21.5 58.8 46.4 42.7
225 0.897 37.5 19.3 51.4 35.9 32.6
300 0.802 38.3 15.8 41.3 28.3 26.2
Mean 0.881 37.4 18.9 50.5 36.9 33.8
Clay soil 0 0.915
150 0.908 40.2 22.0 54.7 51.9 47.9
225 0.881 46.1 20.3 44.0 40.2 34.8
300 0.794 40.9 14.6 35.6 29.5 31.1
Mean 0.878 39.6 18.9 48.0 38.4 35.6
Huajing 2 Sandy soil 0 0.808
150 0.798 35.4 18.9 53.3 42.3 42.4
225 0.729 40.6 18.2 44.9 33.8 30.0
300 0.658 41.0 15.2 37.1 26.9 24.1
Mean 0.748 39.0 17.4 45.1 34.3 32.2
Clay soil 0 0.738
150 0.712 48.3 18.0 37.3 45.9 42.4
225 0.683 51.4 18.3 35.5 36.9 31.5
300 0.674 44.6 14.4 32.4 28.4 28.5
Mean 0.702 48.1 16.9 35.1 37.1 34.1
Table 4  N use efficiency for rice genotypes under different soil conditions
Fig. 1  N uptake rate for rice straw under different soils
Fig. 2  N uptake rate for rice grain under different soils
Fig. 3  Total N uptake rate for rice under different soils

A: Fengyouxiangzhan; B: Wuxiangjing 14; C: Wuyunjing 3; D: Huajing 2

Fig. 4  Distribution of N uptake in rice plant under different soils
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