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Frontiers of Agriculture in China

ISSN 1673-7334

ISSN 1673-744X(Online)

CN 11-5729/S

Front. Agric. China    2007, Vol. 1 Issue (1) : 72-75     DOI: 10.1007/s11703-007-0013-z
Research article |
Acquirement of a new male sterile germplasm of Chinese jujube
Jiurui WANG1,Ling LIU2,Mengjun LIU3(),Junyi ZHOU3
1College of Forestry, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071000, China
2 College of Life Sciences, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071000, China
3 Research Center of Chinese Jujube, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071000, China
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A male sterile germplasm of Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.), named ‘male sterile No.1’ (JMS1), was firstly identified from a natural population through studies of pollen amount and vitality and its anatomy. Its microspores got massed and then disaggregated after the tetrad stage during pollen development. Then its anthers became empty, or only pollen vestiges remained in the yellow buds. The pollen became abortive after the tetrad stage. Hypertrophy and hyperplasia of tapetum at the tetrad stage were related to pollen abortion. In view of its moderate embryo fertility, big fruit-size and early maturing, ‘JMS1’ could be used as a worthwhile female parent in the cross breeding of Chinese jujube.

Keywords Chinese jujube      male sterility      new germplasm      male sterile No.1     
Issue Date: 22 February 2016
 Cite this article:   
Jiurui WANG,Ling LIU,Mengjun LIU, et al. Acquirement of a new male sterile germplasm of Chinese jujube[J]. Front. Agric. China, 2007, 1(1): 72-75.
Cultivars Vitality/% Cultivars Vitality/% Cultivars Vitality/%
Wuhezao 14.1 Yuanzao 30.2 Mayizao 42.8
Banzao 15.2 Huizao 32.2 Duanguochanghong 43.0
Huluchanghong 15.4 Dasuanzao 32.5 Chaoyangyuanzao 44.5
Dongzao 16.7 Huairoudacui 32.7 Dalingzao 45.3
Lingbaodazao 17.4 Chengtuozao 32.9 Yuanlingzao 47.5
Zhuibuluo 17.5 Jianzao 33.0 Xuezao 49.0
Jiuyueqing 19.0 Ruanhezao 33.3 Chahuzao 50.1
Shangdonglizao 20.3 Mamazao 33.4 Mosaizizao 50.3
Xiaozizao 23.1 Junzao 34.0 Suanmianzao 55.6
Linzexiaozao 23.2 Damuzao 34.1 Pingguozao 57.1
Dunhuangdazao 24.0 Gutouxiaozao 34.2 Changjixinzao 58.5
Jinsixiaozao 24.3 Langjiayuanzao 34.5 Wutouzao 58.5
Mianxiaozao 25.0 Popozao 36.1 Dalilongzao 62.6
Yiwuzao 25.2 Lizao 38.2 Mingshangdazao 65.5
Jiebuqi 25.2 Henandamaya 41.1 Malianxiaozao 76.8
Niujiaozao 26.5 Hunanjidanzao 41.1 Material No.1 No pollen
Jinsixin-2 27.3 Xiangzao 41.1
Manmanzao 27.5 Lianxianmuzao 42.3
Table 1  Pollen vitality of Chinese jujube cultivars
Fig. 1  Changes of pollen number of Chinese jujube during flower season (Mancheng County, 2005)
Fig. 2  Changes of pollen number of Chinese jujube in different years
Plate I  Anatomical structure of pollens in ‘JMS1’(A-G) and ‘Hunanjidanzao’(H)

A: Tetrads of ‘JMS1’x400; B: Microspores of ‘JMS1’x400; C: ‘JMS1’ anthers with empty pollen sacx100; D: Degenerated pollen sacs of ‘JMS1’x400; E: Cross section of ‘JMS1’ yellow budsx100; F: Cross section of ‘JMS1’ yellow budsx400; G: Cross section of ‘JMS1’ yellow budsx40; H: Cross section of ‘Hunanjidanzao’ yellow budsx40

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