Please wait a minute...
Frontiers of Agriculture in China

ISSN 1673-7334

ISSN 1673-744X(Online)

CN 11-5729/S

Front. Agric. China    2008, Vol. 2 Issue (3) : 274-280     DOI: 10.1007/s11703-008-0048-9
Coupling effects of irrigation and nitrogen fertilization on grain protein and starch quality of strong-gluten winter wheat
WANG Xiaoying1, HE Mingrong1, LI Fei1, LIU Yonghuan1, ZHANG Honghua1, LIU Chungang2
1.State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Agronomy College, Shandong Agricultural University; 2.Agricultural Bureau of Gaotang County, Shandong Province;
 Download: PDF(194 KB)   HTML
 Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks
Abstract Effects of irrigation and nitrogen fertilization on the grain yield, protein composition, protein quality, starch composition and starch pasting properties of a strong-gluten winter wheat were investigated in a high fertility field. Compared with non-irrigation treatment, grain yields under irrigation treatments were significantly increased, but the content of grain protein, monomeric protein and flour wet gluten was reduced. There were no significant differences in the above parameters between the irrigation treatments. Nitrogen application could significantly increase grain yield under low irrigation frequency (W0 and W1), while the neglected effect on yield was observed with high irrigation frequency (W2 and W3). With the increase of irrigation frequency, the glutenin content leveled off, but the changes of glutenin composition were not uniform, in which the soluble glutenin content was increased, while the insoluble glutenin content and polymerization index (the ratio of insoluble glutenin to total glutenin) were reduced. Both dough development time and stability time became shorter with the increased irrigation frequency. Nitrogen application improved the content of all grain protein fractions and grain quality, in which the increased degree in non-gluten protein (albumin and globulin) was higher than gluten protein (gliadin and glutenin), and the increased degree in soluble glutenin was found higher than that of insoluble glutenin. The interactive effects of irrigation and nitrogen on starch composition were significant. Starch content and amylopectin content was increased as irrigation frequency added in non-nitrogen treatment. Compared to non-irrigation treatment, irrigation significantly increased the starch content and the amylopectin content in nitrogen application treatment, but the starch and amylopectin content had no significant difference between irrigation treatments. Amylose content and the ratio of amylose to amylopectin were reduced while RVA indexes (peak viscosity, breakdown, final viscosity and setback) were increased as irrigation frequency was increased. Nitrogen application significantly improved the amylopectin content and decreased the amylose content in lower frequency irrigation, while the amylopectin content was decreased and the amylose content was enhanced by nitrogen application in higher frequency irrigations.
Issue Date: 05 September 2008
 Cite this article:   
WANG Xiaoying,HE Mingrong,LI Fei, et al. Coupling effects of irrigation and nitrogen fertilization on grain protein and starch quality of strong-gluten winter wheat[J]. Front. Agric. China, 2008, 2(3): 274-280.
1 Cao C F, Kong L C, Wang J L, Zhao B, Zhao Z (2005). Effects of nitrogenon yield, quality and nutritive absorption of middle and strong glutenwheat. Plant Nutr Fert Sci, 11(1): 46–50 (in Chinese)
2 Dai T B, Sun C F, Jing Q, Jiang D, Cao W X (2005). Regulation of nitrogenrates and dressing ratios on grain quality in wheat. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 31(2): 248–253 (in Chinese)
3 Fan X M, Jiang D, Dai T B, Jing Q, Cao W X (2004). Effects of post-anthesisdrought and water logging on the quality of grain formation in differentwheat varieties. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 28(5): 680–685 (in Chinese)
4 He M R, Yang W Y, Wang X Y, Wang Z L, Yang W L (2005). Effects of differentN management modes on grain yield and quality as well as fertilizerN use efficiency of winter wheat. ActaAgronomica Sinica, 31(8): 1047–1051 (in Chinese)
5 Hu X Z, Wei Y M, Zhang G Q, Ouyang Z H, Kovacs M I P, Wang C (2004). Protein fractions of wheat and their relationships withnoodle quality. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 37(5): 739–743 (in Chinese)
6 Jia Y Q, Masbou V, Aussenac T, Fabre J L, Debaeke P (1996). Effects of nitrogenfertilization and maturation conditions on protein aggregates andon the bread-making quality of Soissons, a common wheat cultivar. Cereal Chemistry, 73(1): 123–130
7 Jiang D, Xie Z J, Cao W X, Dai T B, Jing Q (2004). Effects of post-anthesisdrought and water logging on photosynthetic characteritics, assimilatestransportation in winter wheat. Acta AgronomicaSinica, 30(2): 175–182 (in Chinese)
8 Johansson E, Prieto-Linde M L, Jonsson J O (2001). Effects of wheat cultivar and nitrogenapplication on storage protein composition and bread-making quality. Cereal Chemistry, 78(1): 19–25.
9 Lan T, Jiang D, Xie Z J, Dai T B, Jing Q, Cao W X (2004). Effects of post-anthesis drought and water logging ongrain quality traits in different specialty wheat varieties. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 18(1): 193–196 (in Chinese)
10 Pechanek U, Karger A, Groger S, Charvat B, Schoggl G, Lelley T (1997). Effect of nitrogen fertilizationon quantity of flour protein components, dough properties, and bread-makingquality of wheat. Cereal Chemistry, 74(6): 800–805.
11 Wang C, Kovacs M I P (2002a). Swellingindex of glutenin test I. Method and comparison with sedimentation,gel-protein, and insoluble glutenin tests.Cereal Chemistry, 79(2): 183–189.
12 Wang C, Kovacs M I P (2002b). Swellingindex of glutenin test II. Application in predication of dough propertiesand end-use quality.Cereal Chemistry, 79(2): 190–196.
13 Wang C, Kovacs M I P (2002c). Swellingindex of glutenin test for predication of durum wheat quality. Cereal Chemistry, 79(2): 197–202.
14 Wang C Y, Ma D Y, Zhu Y J, Guo T C, Feng W, Zhou S M (2004a). Effects of different irrigation and nitrogen applicationregimes in winter wheat on cooking qualities of Chinese noodle. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 37(2): 256–262 (in Chinese)
15 Wang C Y, Ma D Y, Guo T C, Zhu Y J, Wang H C, Feng W (2004b). Effects of different irrigation and nitrogen applicationregimes on starch components and paste properties of winter wheat(Triticum aestivum L.).Acta Agronomica Sinica, 30(8): 843–846 (in Chinese)
16 Wang C Y, He Y, Fang B T, Wang S L, Fu X L, Guo T C (2005). Advances in starch synthesis, starch properties in wheatgrain and their agronomic regulation. Journalof Triticeae Crops, 25(1): 109–114 (in Chinese)
17 Wang L Q, Jin Z Z, Cao J S, Wang Z Y (1997). Effects of irrigation fertilization on wheat grain and bread-makingquality. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 30(3): 67–73 (in Chinese)
18 Wang Y F, Yu Z W, Li S X (2002). Effects of nitrogen application amounton content of protein components and processing quality of wheat grain. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 35(9): 1071–1078 (in Chinese)
19 Wang Y F, Yu Z W, Li S X, Yu S L (2003). Activity of enzymes related to starch synthesis and their effectduring the filling of winter wheat. ActaAgronomica Sinica, 29(1): 75–81 (in Chinese)
20 Xu Z Z, Yu Z W, Zhang Y L (2003a). The effects of soil moisture ongrain starch synthesis and accumulation of winter wheat. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 29(4): 595–600 (in Chinese)
21 Xu Z Z, Yu Z W, Wang D, Zhang Y L (2003b). Effects of irrigation conditions on protein composition accumulationof grain and its quality in winter wheat. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 29(5): 682–687 (in Chinese)
22 Yang J, Zhang Y, He Z H, Yan J, Wang D S, Liu J J, Wang M F (2004). Associationbetween wheat quality traits and performance of pan bread and drywhite Chinese noodle. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 30(8): 739–744 (in Chinese)
Full text