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Frontiers of Agriculture in China

ISSN 1673-7334

ISSN 1673-744X(Online)

CN 11-5729/S

Front Agric Chin    2009, Vol. 3 Issue (2) : 199-208     DOI: 10.1007/s11703-009-0028-8
REVIEW |
Cell reprogramming for the creation of patient-specific pluripotent stem cells by defined factors
Huiqun YIN1(), Hongguo CAO1, Yunhai ZHANG1, Yong TAO1, Xiaorong ZHANG1(), Heng WANG1
1. College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China;; 2. Anhui Provincial Animals Genetic Resources Conservation Center, Hefei 231283, China
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Abstract  

Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), characterized by being able to differentiate into various types of cells, are generally regarded as the most promising sources for cell replacement therapies. However, as typical PSCs, embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are still far away from human clinics so far due to ethical issues and immune rejection response. One way to avoid such problems is to use stem cells derived from autologous somatic cells. Up to date, PSCs could be obtained by reprogramming somatic cells to pluripotent state with approaches including somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), fusion with stem cells, coculture with cells’ extracts, and induction with defined factors. Among these, through reprogramming somatic cells directly by retroviral transduction of transcription factors, induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have been successfully generated in both mouse and human recently. These iPS cells shared similar morphology and growth properties to ESCs, could express ESCs marker genes, and could produce adult or germline-competent chimaeras and differentiate into a variety of cell types, including germ cells. Moreover, with iPS technique, patient specific PSCs could be derived more easily from handful somatic cells in human without immune rejection responses innately connected to ESCs. Consequently, generation of iPS cells would be of great help to further understand disease mechanisms, drug screening, and cell transplantation therapies as well. In summary, the recent progress in the study of cell reprogramming for the creation of patient-specific pluripotent stem cells, some existing problems, and research perspectives were suggested.

Keywords somatic cells      pluripotent stem cells      iPS cells      reprogramming     
Corresponding Authors: YIN Huiqun,Email:milklecherry@163.com; ZHANG Xiaorong,Email:zxr@ahau.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 05 June 2009
URL:  
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fag/EN/10.1007/s11703-009-0028-8     OR     http://academic.hep.com.cn/fag/EN/Y2009/V3/I2/199
Fig.1  Four strategies to induce somatic cells to pluripotency
Fig.2  Reprogramming somatic cells to iPS cells by virus vectors with four transcription factors
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