Please wait a minute...
Frontiers of Agriculture in China

ISSN 1673-7334

ISSN 1673-744X(Online)

CN 11-5729/S

Front. Agric. China    2010, Vol. 4 Issue (1) : 24-30     DOI: 10.1007/s11703-010-0096-9
Research articles |
Arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi as an ecology indicator for evaluating desert soil conditions
Yanqing WU,Jizhi JIANG,Weike SHEN,Xueli HE,
College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China;
Download: PDF(196 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks
Abstract  Arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) fungi are the most common underground symbiosis. They can form vesicles and arbuscules in the roots of about 80% of plant species. In this paper, using the arbuscular mycorrhiza’s colonization as an evaluating indicator in combination with other experimental indicators, we composed a system of evaluating various indices to analyze desert soil conditions. A fuzzy optimization system model was introduced to analyze the experimental results. The results showed that the soil quality was Yulin>Ecology Station>Yanchi>Shapotou>Dingbian. ‘μi’, an indicator of soil quality, was the greatest in the topmost layer of soil, in the 0–10cm soil, at the sampling sites Yulin, Ecology Station, Yanchi and Dingbian. However, at Shapotou the maximum value of μi was found in the 10–20cm soil layer. The weight value of the AM fungal index ranged from 37% to 95% at different sites.
Keywords arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) fungi      desert soil condition evaluation      fuzzy optimization model      Caragana korshinskii Kom.      
Issue Date: 05 March 2010
URL:     OR
Dalpe Y (1993). Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza. In: Carter M R, ed. Soil Sampling andMethods of Analysis. Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers, 287―301
Dhillion S S, Zak J C (1993). Microbialdynamics in arid ecosystems: Desertification and the potential roleof mycorrhizas. Revista Chilenade HistoriaNatural, 66: 253―270
Douds D D, Millner P D (1999). Biodiversityof arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in agroecosystems. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 74: 77―93

doi: 10.1016/S0167-8809(99)00031-6
Harley J L, Smith S E (1983). MycorrhizalSymbiosis. London: Academic Press
He X L, Hou X F (2008). Analysisof Desert Soil Condition Based on System Evaluation Model. The Sixth Wuhan International Conference on E-Business―EngineeringTechonology Track
He X L, Mouratov S, Steinberger Y (2002). Temporal and spatial dynamics of vesicular-arbuscularmycorrhizal fungi under the canopy of ZygophyllumdumosumBoiss. in the Negev Desert. Journal of Arid Environments, 52: 379―387

doi: 10.1006/jare.2002.1000
Johnson N C, Tilman D, Wedin D (1992). Plant and soil controls on mycorrhizalfungal communities. Ecology, 73: 2034―2042

doi: 10.2307/1941453
Koske R E (1975). Endogone spores in Australia sand dunes. Can J Bot, 53: 668―672

doi: 10.1139/b75-082
Liu Y J, He L, An L, Helgason T, Feng H (2009). Arbuscularmycorrhizal dynamics in a chronosequence of Caragana korshinskii plantations. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 67: 81―92

doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2008.00597.x
McGonigle T P, Miller M H (1996). Developmentof fungi below ground in association with plants growing in disturbedand undisturbed soils. Soil Biology andBiochemistry, 28: 263―269

doi: 10.1016/0038-0717(95)00129-8
Murphy J, Riley J P (1962). A modifiedsingle solution method for the determination of phosphate in naturalwaters. Anal Chim Acta, 27: 31―36

doi: 10.1016/S0003-2670(00)88444-5
Nicolson T H (1960). Mycorrhiza in the Graminae.Ⅱ. Development in differenthabitats, particularly sand dunes. TransBr Mycol Soc, 43: 135―145

doi: 10.1016/S0007-1536(60)80017-4
Olsen S R, Cole C V, Watanabe F S, Dean L A (1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodiumbicarbonate. US Dept Agric Circ, 939
Püschel D, Rydlová J, Vosátka M (2007). Mycorrhizainfluences plant community structure in succession on spoil banks. Basic and Applied Ecology, 8(6): 510―520

doi: 10.1016/j.baae.2006.09.002
Rowell D L (1994). Soil Science: Methods and Applications. London: Longman Group, U.K. Ltd
Smith F A, Smith S E (1997). Structuraldiversity in (vesicular)-arbuscular mycorrhizal symbioses. New Phytol, 137: 373―388

doi: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.1997.00848.x
Smith S E, Read D J (1997). MycorrhizalSymbiosis. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press
Tisdall J M, Oades J M (1982). Organicmatter and water-stable aggregates in soils. J Soil Sci, 33: 141―163

doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.1982.tb01755.x
van der Heijden M G A, Klironomos J N, Ursic M, Moutoglis P, Streitwolf-Engel R, Boller T, Wiemken A, Sanders L R (1998). Mycorrhizalfungi diversity determines plant biodiversity, ecosystem variabilityand productivity. Nature, 396: 69―72

doi: 10.1038/23932
Wu B, Ci L J (2002). Landscapechange and desertification development in the Mu Us Sandland, NorthernChina. Journal of Arid Environments, 50: 529―444

doi: 10.1006/jare.2001.0847
Wu Y Q, Lu T T, He X L (2009). Mycorrhizal and dark septate endophyticfungi under the canopies of desert plants in Mu Us Sandy Land of China. Front Agric China, 3(2): 164―170

doi: 10.1007/s11703-009-0026-x
Zhou L K (1987). Soil Enzymology. Beijing: Science Press (in Chinese)
No related articles found!
Full text