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Frontiers of Agriculture in China

ISSN 1673-7334

ISSN 1673-744X(Online)

CN 11-5729/S

Front Agric Chin    2011, Vol. 5 Issue (2) : 152-161     DOI: 10.1007/s11703-011-1077-3
Identification of QTLs for biomass production in maize (Zea mays L.) under different phosphorus levels at two sites
Junyi CHEN1,2, Yilin CAI1(), Li XU1,2, Jiuguang WANG1, Wenlong ZHANG1, Guoqiang WANG1, Delin XU1, Tianqing CHEN1, Xuegao LU1, Haiyan SUN1, Aiying HUANG1, Ying LIANG1, Guoli DAI1, Hongni QIN1, Zuchun HUANG2, Zhaojing ZHU2, Zhiguo YANG2, Jun XU1, Shoufeng KUANG1
1. Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Crop Quality Improvement, Ministry of Agriculture; Maize Institute of Southwest University, Chongqing 400716, China; 2. Chongqing Medical and Pharmaceutical College, Chongqing 401331, China
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The biomass production (BP), the leaf age (LA), and the plant height (PH) as well as the quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with these traits were determined for F2:3 population derived from the cross of two contrasting maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes: 082 and Ye107. By using composite interval mapping, a total of 12 and 12 distinct QTLs were identified at Kaixian and Southwest University under deficient phosphorus. Another 9 and 8 distinct QTLs were identified at two sites under normal phosphorus, respectively. Seven coincident QTLs for two traits (BP and LA) were detected in the interval bnlg1832-P2M8/j (bin 1.05) on Chromosome 1, and four consistent QTLs for one trait (PH) were coincident in the interval umc1102-P1M7/d (bin 3.05) on Chromosome 3. These coincident QTLs in two important genomic regions were identified under different phosphorus levels and two different environments. Therefore, the above two segments one (bnlg1832-P2M8/j) identified in Chromosome 1 and the other (umc1102-P1M7/d) identified in Chromosome 3 may be used in future for marker-assisted selection and high-resolution mapping leading to map-based cloning of QTLs for agronomically important traits under phosphorus deficiency.

Keywords maize      QTL analysis      biomass production      leaf age      plant height     
Corresponding Authors: CAI Yilin,   
Issue Date: 05 June 2011
URL:     OR
Fig.3  Linkage map of QTLs conferring BP, LA, and PH. Note: * and ** denote significant deviation at 5% and 1% level, respectively.
TraitsParentsF2∶3 families
at Kaixian
at Southwest University
Tab.1  Estimates of genetic variance and environment variance among 241 F families from the cross of 082 × Ye107
NamesCQPInterval markersClosest markersBinsLODR2 (%)TR2 (%)ADGADir
Tab.2  QTLs detected for BP, LA, and PH with the F families from the cross of 082 × Ye107 under deficient phosphorus
NamesCQPInterval markersClosest markersBinsLODR2 (%)TR2 (%)ADGADir
PH6a-KX-NP652.4umc1918-umc2316umc23166.043.25718-1.18560. 2547PDYe107
Tab.3  QTLs detected for BP, LA, and PH with the F families from the cross of 082 × Ye107 under normal phosphorus
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