Please wait a minute...
Frontiers of Agriculture in China

ISSN 1673-7334

ISSN 1673-744X(Online)

CN 11-5729/S

Front. Agric. China    2009, Vol. 3 Issue (4) : 366-373     DOI: 10.1007/s11703-009-0070-6
Research articles |
Accumulation and distribution of selenium in some vegetable crops grown in selenate-Se treated clay loam soil
Department of Soils, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana 141004, India;
Download: PDF(156 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks
Abstract  A greenhouse experiment was conducted to study the accumulation of selenium by some vegetable crops commonly grown in the Indian Punjab. Eleven vegetable crops were raised in an alkaline clay loam soil treated with different levels of selenate-Se, i.e., 0, 1.25, 2.5 and 5.0mg·kg−1 soil. Dry matter yield of both edible and inedible portions of different vegetable crops decreased with increasing Se level in soil except potato (Solanum tuberosum), radish (Raphanus sativus) and cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) which recorded 10%―21% increase in inedible dry matter at 1.25mg·kg−1 Se soil. Application of 5mg·kg−1 selenate-Se soil resulted in complete mortality in the case of radish, turnip (Brassica rapa) and brinjal (Solanum melongena). Some vegetable crops including tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum), cauliflower and pea (Pisum sativum), though, survived the toxic effect at the highest concentration of Se yet did not bear any fruit. Potato and spinach (Spinacea oleracea) proved to be highly tolerant crops. Selenium concentration in the edible as well as inedible portions of all the vegetables increased with an increase in the level of applied Se. Selenium accumulation in the edible portion of vegetable crops in the no-Se control ranged from 2.2 to 4.9mg·kg−1 Se dry weight. At 1.25mg·kg−1 Se soil, the edible portion of radish accumulated the greatest concentration of Se (38mg·kg−1 Se dry weight) with that of onion (Allium cepa) bulb the lowest (9mg·kg−1 Se dry weight). Inedible portions of vegetables accumulated Se 2―5 times more than that absorbed by edible portions. Total Se uptake by edible portions of different vegetables was the greatest at 1.25mg·kg−1 Se soil, ranging from 7 to 485 µg∙pot−1. The results suggest that vegetable crops vary in their sensitivity to the presence of selenate-Se in soil. Vegetative portions were several times richer in Se than other parts of vegetable crops.
Keywords selenate-Se      vegetables      Se accumulation      clay loam soil      
Issue Date: 05 December 2009
URL:     OR
Anderson J W, Scarf A R (1983). Selenium and plant metabolism. In: Robb D A, Pierpoint W S, eds. Metals and Micronutrient: Uptake and utilization by plants. New York: Academic Press, 241―275
Arvy M P (1993). Selenate and selenite uptake and translocationin bean plants (PhaseolusvulgarisL.). Journal of Experimental Botany, 44: 1083―1087

doi: 10.1093/jxb/44.6.1083
Asher C J, Butler G W, Peterson P J (1977). Seleniumtransport in root system of tomato. Journalof Experimental Botany, 28: 279―291

doi: 10.1093/jxb/28.2.279
Banuelos G S, Meek D W (1989). Selenium accumulation in selected vegetables. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 12: 1255―1272

doi: 10.1080/01904168909364034
Brown T A, Shrift A (1981). Exclusion of selenium from protein of selenium-tolerant Astragalusspecies. Plant Physiology, 67: 1051―1053

doi: 10.1104/pp.67.5.1051
Brown T A, Shrift A (1982). Selenium: toxicity and tolerance in higher plants. Biological Reviews, 57: 59―84

doi: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.1982.tb00364.x
Bureau R G, McDonald A, Jacobson A, May D, Grattan S, Shenan C, Swanton B, Sherer D, Abrams M, Epstein E, Rendig V (1988). Selenium in tissues of crops sampled from the west sideof the San Joaquin valley, California. In: Tanji K K, Valoppi L, Woodring R C, eds. Selenium contents in animal andhuman food crops grown in California, USA Publication number 3330,University of California, and Oakland, USA, 61―66
Cantor A H, Scott M L, Naguchi T (1975). Biological availabilityof selenium in feedstuffs and selenium compounds for prevention ofexudative diathesis in chicks. Journalof Nutrition, 105: 96―101
Cartes P, Gianfreda L, Mora M L (2005). Uptakeof selenium and its antioxidant activity in ryegrass when appliedas selenate and selenite forms. Plant andSoil, 276: 359―367

doi: 10.1007/s11104-005-5691-9
Dhillon K S, Dhillon S K (1991). Selenium toxicity in soils, plants and animals in someparts of Punjab, India. International Journalof Environmental Studies, 37: 15―24

doi: 10.1080/00207239108710613
Dhillon K S, Dhillon S K (1997). Distribution of seleniferous soils in north-west Indiaand associated toxicity problems in the soil-plant-animal-human continuum. Land Contamination and Reclamation, 5: 313―322
Dhillon K S, Dhillon S K (2003). Distribution and management of seleniferous soils. Advances in Agronomy, 79: 119―184

doi: 10.1016/S0065-2113(02)79003-2
Duffield-Lillico A J, Dalkin B L, Reid M E (2003). Seleniumsupplementation, baseline plasma selenium status and incidence ofprostate cancer: An analysis of the complete treatment period of theNutritional Prevention of Cancer Trial. BJU International, 91: 608―612

doi: 10.1046/j.1464-410X.2003.04167.x
Epstein E (1955). Passive permeation and active transportof ions in plant roots. Plant Physiology, 30: 529―535

doi: 10.1104/pp.30.6.529
Ferri T, Petruzelli G, Pezzarossa B, Santaroni P, Brunori C, Morabito R (2003). Studyof the influence of carboxymethylcellulose on the absorption of selenium(and selected metals) in a target plant. Microchemical Journal, 74: 257―265
Finley J W, Ip C, Lisk D J, Davis C D, Hintze K J, Whanger P D (2001). Cancer protective properties of high-seleniumbroccoli. Journal of Agriculture and FoodChemistry, 49: 2679―2683

doi: 10.1021/jf0014821
Food and Nutrition Board,Institute of Medicine (2000). Selenium-Dietary Reference Intakes Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Seleniumand Carotenoids. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 284―324
Furr A K, Parkinson T F, Gutenmann W H, Pakkala I S, Lisk D J (1978). Elemental content of vegetables, grains, and forages field-grownon fly ash amended soil. Journal of Agricultureand Food Chemistry, 26: 357―359

doi: 10.1021/jf60216a058
Germ M, Stibilj V (2007). Selenium and plants. ActaAgricultura Slovenica, 89: 65―71

doi: 10.2478/v10014-007-0008-8
Hambuckers A, Dotreppe O, Hornick J, Istasse L, Dufrasne I (2008). Soil-applied selenium effects on tissue selenium concentrationsin cultivated and adventitious grassland and pasture plant species. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 39: 800―811

doi: 10.1080/00103620701880859
Hamilton J W, Beath O A (1964). Amount and chemical form of selenium in vegetable plants. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 12: 371―374

doi: 10.1021/jf60134a018
Hartikainen H, Xue T, Piironen V (2000). Seleniumas an antioxidant and pro-oxidant in ryegrass. Plant and Soil, 225: 193―200

doi: 10.1023/A:1026512921026
Hopper J L, Parker D R (1999). Plant availability of selenite and selenate as influencedby the competing ions phosphate and sulphate. Plant and Soil, 210: 199―207

doi: 10.1023/A:1004639906245
Ip C, Lisk D J (1994). Enrichment of selenium in allium vegetables for cancer prevention. Carcinogenesis, 15: 1881―1885

doi: 10.1093/carcin/15.9.1881
Jump R K, Sabey B R (1989). Soil test extractants for predicting selenium in plants. In: Jacobs L W, ed. Selenium in Agriculture and the Environment. Special Publication No. 23, Soil Science Societyof America, Madison, WI, USA, 95―105
Levesque M, Vandette E D (1971). Selenium determination in soil and plant materials. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 51: 85―93
Longnecker M P, Taylor P R, Levander O A, Howe S M, Veillon C, McAdam P A, Patterson K Y, Holden J M, Stampfer M, Morris J S, Willett W C (1991). Selenium in diet, blood, and toenails in relation tohuman health in a seleniferous area. AmericanJournal of Clinical Nutrition, 53: 1288―1294
Mian Z P (1998). Status of selenium in food and populationof Lahore city and cantonment area―Correlation of seleniumlevel with heart and cancer diseases. Dissertationfor the Doctoral Degre. Lahore: University of the Punjab
Patrick L (2004). Selenium biochemistry and cancer:A review of the literature. AlternativeMedicine Reviews, 9: 239―258
Pezzarossa B, Malorgio F, Tonutti P (1999). Effectsof selenium uptake by tomato plants on senescence, ripening and ethyleneevolution. In: Kanellis A K, Chang C, Klee H, Bleeker A B, Pech J C, Grierson D, eds. Biology and biotechnologyof the plant hormone ethylene II. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 275―276
Pezzarossa B, Petruzelli G, Petacco F, Malorgio F, Ferri T (2007). Absorption of selenium by Lactuca sativaas affected by carboxymethylcellulose. Chemosphere, 67: 322―329

doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.09.073
Rani N, Dhillon K S, Dhillon S K (2005). Criticallevels of selenium in different crops grown in an alkaline silty loamsoil treated with selenite-Se. Plant andSoil, 277: 367―374

doi: 10.1007/s11104-005-8161-5
Rayman M P, Clark L C (2000). Selenium in cancer prevention. In: Roussel A M, ed. Trace Elements in Man and Animals. New York: Plenum Press, 575―580
Saggoo M I S, Dhillon K S, Dhillon S K, Kour J (2004). Evaluation of consumability potentialsof leafy vegetables harvested from selenium rich soil. Environmental Information Archives, 2: 479―489
Sakurai H, Tsuchiya K A (1975). A tentative recommendation for the maximum daily intakeof selenium. Environmental Physiology andBiochemistry, 5: 107―118
Shamberger R J (1985). The genotoxicity of selenium. Mut Res, 154: 29―48.
Wang Z, Gao Y (2001). Biogeochemical cycling of selenium in Chinese environments. Applied Geochemistry, 16: 1345―1351

doi: 10.1016/S0883-2927(01)00046-4
Warman P R, Muizelaar T, Termeer W C (1995). Bioavailabilityof As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mo, Ni, Pb, Se and Zn from biosolids amendedcompost. Compost Science and Utilization, 3: 40―50
Wu L, Huang Z Z, Bureau R G (1988). Seleniumaccumulation and selenium-salt cotolerance in five grass species. Crop Science, 28: 517―522
Xue T, Hartikainen H, Piironen V (2001). Antioxidativeand growth-promoting effect of selenium on senescing lettuce. Plant and Soil, 237: 55―61

doi: 10.1023/A:1013369804867
Yang G Q, Wang S Z, Zhou R H, Sun S Z (1983). Endemic selenium intoxication of humans in China. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 37: 872―881
No related articles found!
Full text