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Frontiers of Economics in China

ISSN 1673-3444

ISSN 1673-3568(Online)

CN 11-5744/F

Postal Subscription Code 80-978

Front. Econ. China    2014, Vol. 9 Issue (2) : 261-284    https://doi.org/10.3868/s060-003-014-0014-5
research-article |
The Gender-Biased Employment Effect of Exports: Evidence from China
Hao Chen1(),Jianwei Chen2()
1. Institute of International Economy, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing 100029, China
2. MOE-UIBE of Education and Economy Research, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing 100029, China
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Abstract

Traditional international trade theories believe export trade has a positive effect on employment, which means exports would increase the level of employment with no difference between genders. Based on enterprise heterogeneity, however, the new-trade theories doubt this conclusion. Using the Chinese industrial enterprise database (2006–2009), this paper re-examines the relationship between export volume and the level of employment, and discusses different effects of exports on the employment of different genders. We find that although exports increase the total level of employment, enterprises’ exports have a prominent negative effect on the employment of women. This proves that it is hard to optimize employment structure through the promotion of foreign trade, even if it improves the overall level of employment.

Keywords screening-matching model      enterprise heterogeneity      gender differences     
Issue Date: 04 July 2014
 Cite this article:   
Hao Chen,Jianwei Chen. The Gender-Biased Employment Effect of Exports: Evidence from China[J]. Front. Econ. China, 2014, 9(2): 261-284.
 URL:  
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fec/EN/10.3868/s060-003-014-0014-5
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fec/EN/Y2014/V9/I2/261
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