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Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering

ISSN 2095-2201

ISSN 2095-221X(Online)

CN 10-1013/X

Postal Subscription Code 80-973

2018 Impact Factor: 3.883

Front Envir Sci Eng Chin    2011, Vol. 5 Issue (4) : 633-638    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783-011-0329-z
RESEARCH ARTICLE |
Micro-analysis of nitrogen transport and conversion inside activated sludge flocs using microelectrodes
Lei WANG, Yongtao LV(), Xudong WANG, Yongzhe YANG, Xiaorong BAI
School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, China
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Abstract

To investigate the nitrogen transport and conversion inside activated sludge flocs, micro-profiles of O2, NH4+, NO2, NO3, and pH were measured under different operating conditions. The flocs were obtained from a laboratory-scale sequencing batch reactor. Nitrification, as observed from interfacial ammonium and nitrate fluxes, was higher at pH 8.5, than at pH 6.5 and 7.5. At pH 8.5, heterotrophic bacteria used less oxygen than nitrifying bacteria, whereas at lower pH heterotrophic activity dominated. When the ratio of C to N was decreased from 20 to 10, the ammonium uptake increased. When dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in the bulk liquid was decreased from 4 to 2 mg·L-1, nitrification decreased, and only 25% of the DO influx into the flocs was used for nitrification. This study indicated that nitrifying bacteria became more competitive at a higher DO concentration, a higher pH value (approximately 8.5) and a lower C/N.

Keywords nitrogen transport      activated sludge flocs      heterotrophic bacteria      nitrifying bacteria      microelectrodes     
Corresponding Authors: LV Yongtao,Email:hybos2000@126.com   
Issue Date: 05 December 2011
 Cite this article:   
Lei WANG,Yongtao LV,Xudong WANG, et al. Micro-analysis of nitrogen transport and conversion inside activated sludge flocs using microelectrodes[J]. Front Envir Sci Eng Chin, 2011, 5(4): 633-638.
 URL:  
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fese/EN/10.1007/s11783-011-0329-z
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fese/EN/Y2011/V5/I4/633
operating conditionsitemsinfluent conc./(mg·L-1)effluent conc./(mg·L-1)
factorsvalue
pH6.5COD130±123±7
NH4+-N13±0.50.5±0.2
NO3--N1.3±0.55.3±0.3
7.5COD130±117±6
NH4+-N13±0.50.3±0.1
NO3--N2.8±0.77.6±0.4
8.5COD130±114±2
NH4+-N13±0.50
NO3--N2.5±0.29.6±0.3
C/N20COD130±131±5
NH4+-N6.5±0.50
NO3--N03±1
10COD130±112±3
NH4+-N13±0.50.1
NO3--N06.6±0.2
DO /(mg·L-1)4COD130±118±8
NH4+-N13±0.50.2±0.1
NO3--N1.3±0.55.4±1.3
2COD130±127±8
NH4+-N13±0.51.3±0.3
NO3--N0.8±0.42.5±0.4
Tab.1  Parameter settings and performance of the SBR
Fig.1  Micro-profiles inside activated sludge flocs at different pH values, (a) pH= 6.5; (b) pH= 7.5; (c) pH= 8.5
flux/(μmol·L-1·cm-2·h-1)pH= 6.5pH= 7.5pH= 8.5
ammonia flux0.011±0.0010.013±0.0010.032±0.003
nitrate flux-0.006±0.001-0.018±0.001-0.035±0.005
oxygen flux0.131±0.0010.115±0.0010.142±0.001
Tab.2  Fluxes inside activated sludge flocs at different pH values
Fig.2  Micro-profiles inside activated sludge flocs at different C/N, (a) C/N= 20; (b) C/N= 10
fluxes/(μmol·L-1·cm-2·h-1)C/N= 20C/N= 10
ammonia flux 0.019±0.0010.035±0.005
nitrate flux -0.025±0.001-0.026±0.002
oxygen flux 0.105±0.0060.160±0.002
Tab.3  Fluxes inside activated sludge flocs at different C/N
Fig.3  Micro-profiles inside activated sludge flocs at different DO concentrations, (a) 4 mg·L; (b) 2 mg·L
flux/(μmol·L-1·cm-2·h-1)DO= 4 mg·L-1DO= 2 mg·L-1
ammonia flux0.018±0.0010.011±0.001
nitrate flux -0.014±0.001-0.007±0.004
oxygen flux0.072±0.0020.054±0.002
Tab.4  Fluxes inside activated sludge flocs at different DO concentrations
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[1] Yongtao LV,Xuan CHEN,Lei WANG,Kai JU,Xiaoqiang CHEN,Rui MIAO,Xudong WANG. Microprofiles of activated sludge aggregates using microelectrodes in completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite (CANON) reactor[J]. Front. Environ. Sci. Eng., 2016, 10(2): 390-398.
[2] Yongji ZHANG, Lingling ZHOU, Guo ZENG, Huiping DENG, Guibai LI. Impact of total organic carbon and chlorine to ammonia ratio on nitrification in a bench-scale drinking water distribution system[J]. Front Envir Sci Eng Chin, 2010, 4(4): 430-437.
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