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Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering

ISSN 2095-2201

ISSN 2095-221X(Online)

CN 10-1013/X

Postal Subscription Code 80-973

2018 Impact Factor: 3.883

Front Envir Sci Eng    2013, Vol. 7 Issue (4) : 552-558    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783-013-0531-2
RESEARCH ARTICLE |
Study on removing selenate from groundwater by autohydrogenotrophic microorganisms
Siqing XIA(), Shuang SHEN, Jun LIANG, Xiaoyin XU
State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
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Abstract

Performance of autohydrogenotrophic bacteria for bio-reduction of selenate (Se(VI)) under anaerobic conditions was investigated with batch experiments. Results showed Se(VI) was bio-reduced to selenite (Se(IV)) as an intermediate product, and then to elemental selenium (Se0). Reduction kinetics could be described by the pseudo-first-order model. In particular, the influences of pH value and temperature on Se(VI) reduction by autohydrogentrophic organisms were examined. The high degradation rate was achieved at pH 7.0 to 8.0; and the best reduction temperature was between 25°C and 35°C. This study is of help for treating groundwater with selenium contamination by autohydrogenotrophic bacteria as well as its reactor development.

Keywords autohydrogenotrophic      selenate      hydrogen      groundwater     
Corresponding Authors: XIA Siqing,Email:siqingxia@tongji.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 01 August 2013
 Cite this article:   
Siqing XIA,Shuang SHEN,Jun LIANG, et al. Study on removing selenate from groundwater by autohydrogenotrophic microorganisms[J]. Front Envir Sci Eng, 2013, 7(4): 552-558.
 URL:  
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fese/EN/10.1007/s11783-013-0531-2
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fese/EN/Y2013/V7/I4/552
medium componentconcentration/(mg·L-1)medium componentconcentration/(mg·L-1)
Na2HPO4409H3BO30.30
KH2PO4152CuCl2·2H2O0.01
MgSO4·7H2O200Na2MoO4·2H2O0.03
FeSO4·7H2O1MnCl2·4H2O0.03
CaCl2·2H2O1CoCl2·6H2O0.20
ZnSO4·7H2O0.10NiCl2·6H2O0.01
Tab.1  Medium composition
Fig.1  Schematic diagram of reactor. 1—sterilization syringe; 2—the plastic cover and rubber plug; 3—hydrogen; 4—simulating groundwater
groupsSe(VI) initial concentration/(mg-Se(VI)·(mg-biomass)-1)pHT/°C
test group5-Se(VI)·(300-biomass)-17.035
control groupswithout Se(VI)0-Se(VI)·(300-biomass)-17.035
without organisms5-Se(VI)·(0-biomass)-17.035
N25-Se(VI)·(300-biomass)-17.035
Tab.2  Experimental group and control group conditions
Fig.2  Dynamic change of Se(VI) in feasibility tests
Fig.3  Dynamic change of Se(IV) in feasibility tests
Fig.4  EDS obtained from the insoluble precipitate formed in the autohydrogentrophic organisms
elementalweight percentage/%atom percentage/%
C K54.6262.37
O K43.5337.31
Se L1.850.32
total100.00100.00
Tab.3  Elemental composition of the insoluble precipitate observed in the autohydrogentrophic organisms
Fig.5  Pseudo-first-order kinetic plots for Se(VI) reduction
Fig.6  Effect of different pH on Se(VI) reduction
Fig.7  Effect of different pH on Se(VI) removal at 180 h
Fig.8  Effect of different temperatures on Se(VI) reduction
Fig.9  Effect of different temperatures of total Se
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