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Frontiers of Medicine

ISSN 2095-0217

ISSN 2095-0225(Online)

CN 11-5983/R

Postal Subscription Code 80-967

2018 Impact Factor: 1.847

Front. Med.    2007, Vol. 1 Issue (1) : 58-61     DOI: 10.1007/s11684-007-0012-8
Clinical analysis of 275 cases of acute drug-induced liver disease
LI Lei, JIANG Wei, WANG Jiyao
Department of Digestive Disease, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China;
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Abstract  In order to analyze the causative drugs, clinical manifestation and pathological characteristics of the patients with acute drug-induced liver disease, from January 2000 to December 2005, 275 cases diagnosed as acute drug-induced liver diseases according to Maria Criterion and hospitalized in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University were retrospectively reviewed. Each was determined by drug history, clinical symptoms and signs, laboratory tests and therapeutic effects. In 41 cases, the diagnosis was confirmed by liver biopsy. The proportion of acute drug-induced liver disease among all of the acute liver injuries was annually increased. The most common drugs which induced acute liver injuries were traditional Chinese herb medicine (23.3%, 64/275 cases), antineoplastics (15.3%, 42/275), hormones and other immunosuppressant agents (13.8%, 38/275), antihypertensive drugs and other cardiovascular drugs (10.2%, 28/275), NSAIDs (8.7%, 24/275) respectively. Hepatocellular injury was the predominant type in these cases (132 cases, 48%). The principal clinical manifestation included nausea (54.8%), fatigue (50.2%), jaundice (35.6%). 27.9% patients were asymptomatic. Most patients were cured with good prognosis. The total effective rate was 94.2% after treatment. The clinicians should pay attention to the prevention, diagnosis and therapy of drug-induced liver disease.
Issue Date: 05 March 2007
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