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Frontiers of Medicine

ISSN 2095-0217

ISSN 2095-0225(Online)

CN 11-5983/R

Postal Subscription Code 80-967

2018 Impact Factor: 1.847

Front. Med.    2008, Vol. 2 Issue (1) : 25-34     DOI: 10.1007/s11684-008-0006-1
Expression of renal cubilin and its potential role in tubulointerstitial inflammation induced by albumin overload
YANG Jurong, HE Yani, SHEN Haiying, DING Hanlu, LI Kailong, WANG Huiming
Department of Nephrology, Daping Hospital, Research Institute of Surgery, Third Military Medical University;
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Abstract  Sustained proteinuria is an independent risk factor leading to kidney fibrosis and end-stage renal failure. Over-reabsorption of filtered proteins, notably albumin, has been proved to trigger interstitial inflammation and fibrosis in proteinuric renal disease. Cubilin, an endocytic receptor expressed on the renal tubular brush border, is responsible for albumin reabsorption in physiologic condition. However, little is known about whether it is required for activation of tubular cells induced by albumin overload. In this work, we investigated the change of cubilin expression and its potential role in albumin-induced up-regulation of chemokines synthesis in vivo and in vitro. Twenty-six patients with nephrotic syndrome were enrolled in this study. Proximal tubule uptake of albumin, expression of apical membrane cubilin and infiltrating cells in kidney interstitium were determined by immunocytochemistry. In vitro, the transcription of cubilin in HK2 cells after exposure to albumin was analyzed by real-time PCR. Endocytosis of albumin in HK2 cells was examined by fluorescent microscope. The influence of inhibition of cubilin on albumin-induced expressions of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) and regulated upon activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) was investigated by Western blot. The intensity of luminal cubilin and tubular accumulation of albumin were significantly increased in nephrotic kidneys. The expression of MCP-1 and RANTES was up-regulated, and there were spatial relationships in localization between these chemokines and cubilin as well as intracellular albumin in kidney tissues. Infiltration of CD-3 and ED-1-positive cells was predominant in tubulointerstitial areas displaying signs of increases of cubilin expression and albumin accumulation. In vitro, the transcription of cubilin mRNA in HK2 cells was enhanced after 24 h exposure to albumin in a dose-dependent manner. Inhibition of endocytosis of albumin by antisense cubilin nucleotide markedly reduced expression of MCP-1 and RANTES. Cubilin was required for handling a greater amount of protein in nephrotic status and albumin-induced production of MCP-1 and RANTES by renal tubular cells, which further initiated tubulointerstitial inflammation in proteinuric disease.
Issue Date: 05 March 2008
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