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Frontiers of Medicine

ISSN 2095-0217

ISSN 2095-0225(Online)

CN 11-5983/R

Postal Subscription Code 80-967

2018 Impact Factor: 1.847

Front Med Chin    2010, Vol. 4 Issue (3) : 285-289     DOI: 10.1007/s11684-010-0097-3
REVIEW |
Family planning technical services in China
Shang-Chun WU()
National Research Institute for Family Planning, Beijing 100081, China
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Abstract  

Family planning is a basic state policy in China. Its aim is to control population growth and to enhance population quality. Technical services are the key measures for implementing the family planning policy. In order to ensure that people use safe, effective, and appropriate contraceptive methods based on the government’s commitment, China has established countrywide family planning service networks down to the township level. The people can access various and convenient contraceptive services. In urban areas, all contraceptive services are free. The contraceptive prevalence rate in 2007 was 84.6%, the percentage of intrauterine device (IUD) was 52.3%, that of female sterilization was 32.3%, and that of vasectomy was 6.1%. This means that more than 90% of married childbearing couples were using long-term contraceptives. At the same time, the government gives priority to supporting research on contraceptive technology. Studies’ results have provided scientific evidence for development, introduction, and expansion of contraceptive methods, and also for establishment and revision of the technical guidelines. Great efforts have been made in promoting “human-oriented and client-centered” services during the recent ten years. Remarkable success has been achieved in improving the quality of technical services.

Keywords family planning      contraceptive method      service delivery     
Corresponding Authors: WU Shang-Chun,Email:wu.shang.chun@yeah.net   
Issue Date: 05 September 2010
URL:  
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fmd/EN/10.1007/s11684-010-0097-3     OR     http://academic.hep.com.cn/fmd/EN/Y2010/V4/I3/285
administration levelsMinistry of HealthNational Population and Family Planning Commission
stateMaternity and Child Health Centerresearch institute (3)
provincehospitalMaternity and Child Health Stationresearch/technical instruction institute (<30)
prefecturefamily planning service center/station
county
townshiphealth care station
villagevillage doctorfamily planning worker
Tab.1  Provision of family planning services
countycentral-townshiptownshipvillage
intrauterine device+++-
male sterilization++±-
female sterilization++±-
injectables±±--
oral contraceptives ±±++
implant+---
medical-abortion+---
vacuum aspiration+++-
Tab.2  Service content by level
contraceptive methods percentage
intrauterine device52.30
female sterilization 32.25
vasectomy6.14
oral contraceptives1.22
implant0.33
condom7.38
spermicide0.21
others0.17
Tab.3  Contraceptive methods mix in China
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