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Frontiers of Medicine

ISSN 2095-0217

ISSN 2095-0225(Online)

CN 11-5983/R

Postal Subscription Code 80-967

2018 Impact Factor: 1.847

Front Med    2011, Vol. 5 Issue (2) : 134-140     DOI: 10.1007/s11684-011-0135-9
Clinical acupuncture research in the West
Xianze Meng1,3, Shifen Xu2,3, Lixing Lao3()
1. Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200001, China; 2. Shanghai Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine affiliated with Shanghai TCM University, Shanghai 200071, China; 3. Center for Integrative Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 520 West Lombard Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
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In recent years, acupuncture has rapidly become part of mainstream medicine in the West, where new developments in acupuncture clinical research show extensive progress in evaluating the efficacy and safety of the modality in many categories of disease, especially in pain conditions. Although challenges and difficulties remain, the acupuncture research community has matured and its past experience may lead to even better methods and more innovative research.

Keywords acupuncture      clinical research      research methodology      the West     
Corresponding Authors: Lao Lixing,   
Issue Date: 05 June 2011
URL:     OR
Low back pain [39]Brinkhaus et al. (2006)Positive
Experimental pain [40]Barlas et al. (2006)Positive
Migraine [41]Diener et al. (2006)Negative
Migraine [42]Linde et al. (2006)Positive
Perioperative pain [43]Sator-Katzenschlager et al. (2006)Positive
Chronic neck pain [44]Witt et al. (2006)Positive
Chronic low back pain [45]Witt et al. (2006)Positive
Knee osteoarthritis [46]Scharf et al. (2006)Positive
Uncomplicated neck pain [47]Vas et al. (2006)Positive
Persistent non-specific low back pain [48]Thomas et al. (2006)Positive
Osteoarthritis of the knee or hip [49]Witt et al. (2006)Positive
Pain after third molar tooth extraction [50]Michalek-Sauberer et al. (2007)Negative
Severe knee osteoarthritis [51]Williamson et al. (2007)Positive
Osteoarthritis of the knee [52]Foster et al. (2007)Negative
Migraine [38]Facco et al. (2007)Positive
Low back pain [12]Haake et al. (2007)Positive
Tab.1  RCTs using “Wait-List” control for pain conditions (2006-2007)
Myofascial pain [55]Shen et al. (2007)Positive
Toothache [50]Michalek-Sauberer et al. (2007)Negative
Temporomandibular joint pain [56]Smith et al. (2007)Positive
Chronic neck pain [57]Itoh et al. (2007)Positive
Postthoracotomy pain [58]Wong et al. (2006)Positive
Chronic low back pain [59]Itoh et al. (2006)Positive
Low back pain [60]Inoue et al. (2006)Positive
Tab.2  RCTs using “Non-Insertion Sham Acupuncture” control for pain conditions (2006-2007)
Migraine prophylaxis [61]Alecrim-Andrade et al. (2006)Negative
Chronic shoulder pain [62]Dyson-Hudson et al. (2007)Positive trend
Knee osteoarthritis [46]Scharf et al. (2006)Negative
Knee pain [63]Tsang et al. (2007)Negative
Hip arthroplasty pain [64]Usichenko et al. (2006)Positive
Chronic low back pain [39]Brinkhaus et al. (2006)Negative
Migraine [41]Diener et al. (2006)Negative
Low back pain [12]Haake et al. (2007)Negative
Tab.3  RCTs using “Needling Insertion Sham Acupuncture” control for pain conditions (2006-2007)
Knee osteoarthritis pain [32]Huang et al. (2010)Positive
Chronic shoulder pain [13]Molsberger et al. (2010)Positive
Chronic neck pain [67]Sahin et al. (2010)Negative
Osteoarthritis of the knee [68]Suarez-Almazor et al. (2010)Negative
Aromatase inhibitor-associated joint symptoms (joint pain and stiffness) [33]Crew et al. (2010)Positive
Opioid detoxification and pain [34]Meade et al. (2009)Positive
Low back and posterior pelvic pain in pregnant women [35]Wang et al. (2009)Positive
Delayed-onset muscle soreness [36]Hübscher M et al. (2009)Positive
Migraine pain [69]B?cker et al. (2008)Negative
Migraine pain [37]Alecrim-Andrade et al. (2008)Positive
Chronic pain [70]Zheng et al. (2008)Negative
Rheumatoid arthritis [71]Zanette et al. (2008)Negative
Migraine pain [38]Facco et al. (2008)Positive
Tab.4  RCTs using “Insertion Sham Acupuncture” control for pain conditions (2008–010)
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