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Frontiers of Medicine

ISSN 2095-0217

ISSN 2095-0225(Online)

CN 11-5983/R

Postal Subscription Code 80-967

2018 Impact Factor: 1.847

Front. Med.    2016, Vol. 10 Issue (4) : 405-409     DOI: 10.1007/s11684-016-0476-5
REVIEW |
Mouth the mirror of lungs: where does the connection lie?
Jananni Muthu1(),Sivaramakrishnan Muthanandam2,Jaideep Mahendra3
1. Department of Periodontology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Pondicherry 605005, India
2. Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Pondicherry 605005, India
3. Department of Periodontology, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College & Hospital, Chennai 600095, India
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Abstract  

Periodontitis is the chronic destructive disease of the periodontium (Gums) caused by host bacterial interactions. The effect of such host bacterial interactions in oral cavity also evokes a systemic response. Numerous studies have found common mechanisms of destruction for periodontal diseases and other chronic diseases like diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, respiratory diseases, and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Oral colonization by respiratory pathogens appears to be a risk factor for development of respiratory diseases and oral interventions aimed at reducing oral bacterial count have resulted in reduced incidence of these reparatory illness. This reflects the importance of oral hygiene among patients with respiratory illness. This review highlights the association between periodontal diseases and respiratory diseases.

Keywords periodontitis      respiratory diseases      acute pneumonia      COPD     
Corresponding Authors: Jananni Muthu   
Just Accepted Date: 08 October 2016   Online First Date: 02 November 2016    Issue Date: 01 December 2016
URL:  
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fmd/EN/10.1007/s11684-016-0476-5     OR     http://academic.hep.com.cn/fmd/EN/Y2016/V10/I4/405
Fig.1  Mechanisms of action of oral bacteria in the pathogenesis of respiratory infection.
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[1] Namita Gupta,N.D. Gupta,Akash Gupta,Saif Khan,Neha Bansal. Role of salivary matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) in chronic periodontitis diagnosis[J]. Front. Med., 2015, 9(1): 72-76.
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