Please wait a minute...
Frontiers of Physics

ISSN 2095-0462

ISSN 2095-0470(Online)

CN 11-5994/O4

邮发代号 80-965

2018 Impact Factor: 2.483

Frontiers of Physics in China  2009, Vol. 4 Issue (3): 269-279    DOI: 10.1007/s11467-009-0029-3
  REVIEW ARTICLE 本期目录 |  
Towards graphene nanoribbon-based electronics
Towards graphene nanoribbon-based electronics
Bing HUANG (黄兵), Qi-min YAN (严琪闽), Zuan-yi LI (李缵轶), Wen-hui DUAN (段文晖,)
Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
全文: PDF(2798 KB)   HTML
Abstract

The successful fabrication of single layer graphene has greatly stimulated the progress of the research on graphene. In this article, focusing on the basic electronic and transport properties of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs), we review the recent progress of experimental fabrication of GNRs, the theoretical and experimental investigations of physical properties, and device applications of GNRs. We also briefly discuss the research efforts on the spin polarization of GNRs in relation to the edge states.

Key wordsgraphene nanoribbons    transport    edge disorder    electronic devices    spin polarization
收稿日期: 2009-02-18      出版日期: 2009-09-05
引用本文:   
. Towards graphene nanoribbon-based electronics[J]. Frontiers of Physics in China, 2009, 4(3): 269-279.
Bing HUANG (黄兵), Qi-min YAN (严琪闽), Zuan-yi LI (李缵轶), Wen-hui DUAN (段文晖). Towards graphene nanoribbon-based electronics. Front Phys Chin, 2009, 4(3): 269-279.
链接本文:  
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fop/CN/10.1007/s11467-009-0029-3      或      http://academic.hep.com.cn/fop/CN/Y2009/V4/I3/269
1 K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, Science , 2004, 306: 666
doi: 10.1126/science.1102896
2 C. Berger, Z. Song, T. Li, X. Li, A. Y. Ogbazghi, R. Feng, Z. Dai, A. N. Marchenkov, E. H. Conrad, P. N. First, and W. A. de Heer, J. Phys. Chem. B , 2004, 108: 19912
doi: 10.1021/jp040650f
3 C. Berger, Z. Song, X. Li, X. Wu, N. Brown, C. Naud, D. Mayou, T. Li, J. Hass, A. N. Marchenkov, E. H. Conrad, P. N. First, and W. A. de Heer, Science , 2006, 312: 1191
doi: 10.1126/science.1125925
4 V. P. Gusynin and S. G. Sharapov, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2005, 95: 146801
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.146801
5 K. S. Novoselov, Z. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Morozov, H. L. Stormer, U. Zeitler, J. C. Maan, G. S. Boebinger, P. Kim, and A. K. Geim, Science , 2007, 315: 1379
doi: 10.1126/science.1137201
6 Y. Zhang, Y. W. Tan, H. L. Stormer, and P. Kim, Nature (London) , 2005, 438: 201
doi: 10.1038/nature04235
7 K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, M. I. Katsnelson, I. V. Grigorieva, S. V. Dubonos, and A. A. Firsov, Nature (London) , 2005, 438: 197
doi: 10.1038/nature04233
8 8. S. Y. Zhou, G. H. Gweon, J. Graf,A. V. Fedorov, C. D. Spataru, R. D. Diehl, Y. Kopelevich, D. H. Lee, S. G. Louie, and A. Lanzara, Nature Phys. , 2006, 2: 595
doi: 10.1038/nphys393
9 A. Bostwick, T. Ohta, T. Seyller, K. Horn, and E. Rotenberg, Nature Phys. , 2007, 3: 36
doi: 10.1038/nphys477
10 G. Li and E. Y. Andrei, Nature Phys. , 2007, 3: 623
doi: 10.1038/nphys653
11 C. H. Park, L. Yang, Y. W. Son, M. L. Cohen, and S. G. Louie, Nature Phys. , 2008, 4: 213
doi: 10.1038/nphys890
12 Z. Q. Li, E. A. Henriksen, Z. Jiang, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, P. Kim, H. L. Stormer, and D. N. Basov, Nature Phys. , 2008, 4: 532
doi: 10.1038/nphys989
13 D. Usachov, A. M. Dobrotvorskii, A. Varykhalov, O. Rader, W. Gudat, A. M. Shikin, and V. K. Adamchuk, Phys. Rev. B , 2008, 78: 085403
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.78.085403
14 P. W. Sutter, J. Flege, and E. A. Sutter, Nature Mater. , 2008, 7: 406
doi: 10.1038/nmat2166
15 D. Martoccia, P. R. Willmott, T. Brugger, M. Bjorck, S. Gunther, C. M. Schleputz, A. Cervellino, S. A. Pauli, B. D. Patterson, S. Marchini, J. Wintterlin, W. Moritz, and T. Greber, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2008, 101: 126102
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.126102
16 Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gunko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, Nature Nanotechnology , 2008, 3: 563
doi: 10.1038/nnano.2008.215
17 X. Fan, W. Peng, Y. Li, X. Li, S. Wang, G. Zhang, and F. Zhang, Adv. Mater. , 2008, 20: 4490
doi: 10.1002/adma.200801306
18 V. C. Tung, M. J. Allen, Y. Yang, and R. B. Kaner, Nat. Nanotechnol. , 2009, 4: 25
doi: 10.1038/nnano.2008.329
19 A. Dato, V. Radmilovic, Z. Lee, J. Phillips, and M. Frenklach, Nano Lett. , 2008, 8: 2012
doi: 10.1021/nl8011566
20 A. Reina, X. Jia, J. Ho, D. Nezich, H. Son, V. Bulovic, M. S. Dresselhaus, and J. Kong, Nano Lett. , 2009, 9: 30
doi: 10.1021/nl801827v
21 K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, Nature (London) , 2009, 457: 706
doi: 10.1038/nature07719
22 D. A. Areshkin and C. T. White, Nano Lett. , 2007, 7: 3253
doi: 10.1021/nl070708c
23 Q. Yan, B. Huang, J. Yu, F. Zheng, J. Zhang, J. Wu, B. L. Gu, F. Liu, and W. Duan, Nano Lett. , 2007, 7: 1469
doi: 10.1021/nl070133j
24 X. Liang, Z. Fu, and S. Y. Chou, Nano Lett. , 2007, 7: 3840
doi: 10.1021/nl072566s
25 I. Meric, M. Y. Han, A. F. Young, B. Ozyilmaz, P. Kim, and K. L. Shepard, Nature Nanotechnology , 2008, 3: 654
doi: 10.1038/nnano.2008.268
26 X. Wu, M. Sprinkle, X. Li, F. Ming, C. Berger, and Walt A. de Heer, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2008, 101: 026801
27 J. R. Williams, L. DiCarlo, and C. M. Marcus, Science , 2007, 317: 638
doi: 10.1126/science.1144657
28 D. A. Abanin and L. S. Levitov, Science , 2007, 317: 641
doi: 10.1126/science.1144672
29 B. ?yilmaz, P. Jarillo-Herrero, D. Efetov, D. A. Abanin, L. S. Levitov, and P. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2007, 99: 166804
30 R. V. Gorbachev, A. S. Mayorov, A. K. Savchenko, D. W. Horsell, and F. Guinea, Nano Lett. , 2008, 8: 1995
doi: 10.1021/nl801059v
31 F. Schedin, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, E.W. Hill, P. Blake, M. I. Katsnelson, and K. S. Novoselov, Nature Mater. , 2007, 6: 652
doi: 10.1038/nmat1967
32 T. O. Wehling, K. S. Novoselov, S. V. Morozov, E. E. Vdovin, M. I. Katsnelson, A. K. Geim, and A. I. Lichtenstein, Nano Lett. , 2008, 8: 173
doi: 10.1021/nl072364w
33 J. T. Robinson, F. K. Perkins, E. S. Snow, Z. Wei, and P. E. Sheehan, Nano Lett. , 2008, 8: 3137
doi: 10.1021/nl8013007
34 M. I. Katsnelson, Mater. Today , 2007, 10: 20
doi: 10.1016/S1369-7021(06)71788-6
35 A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, Nature Mater. , 2007, 6: 183
doi: 10.1038/nmat1849
36 C. W. J. Beenakker, Rev. Mod. Phys. , 2008, 80: 1337
doi: 10.1103/RevModPhys.80.1337
37 A. H. Castro Neto, F. Guinea, N. M. R. Peres, K. S. Novoselov, and A. K. Geim, Rev. Mod. Phys. , 2009, 81: 109
doi: 10.1103/RevModPhys.81.109
38 M. Y. Han, B. ?yilmaz, Y. Zhang, and P. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2007, 98: 206805
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.206805
39 Z. Chen, Y. M. Lin, M. J. Rooks, and P. Avouris, Physica E , 2007, 40: 228
doi: 10.1016/j.physe.2007.06.020
40 L. Tapasztó, G. Dobrik, P. Lambin, and L. P. Biró, Nature Nanotechnology , 2008, 3: 397
41 L. Weng, L. Zhang, Y. P. Chen, and L. P. Rokhinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. , 2008, 93: 093107
doi: 10.1063/1.2976429
42 A. J. M. Giesbers, U. Zeitler, S. Neubeck, F. Freitag, K.S. Novoselov, and J. C. Maan, Solid St. Comm. , 2008, 147: 366
43 X. Li, X.Wang, L. Zhang, S. Lee, and H. Dai, Science , 2008, 319: 1229
doi: 10.1126/science.1150878
44 S. S. Datta, D. R. Strachan, S. M. Khamis, and A. T. Charlie Johnson, Nano Lett. , 2008, 8: 1912
doi: 10.1021/nl080583r
45 H. Duan, E. Xie, L. Han, and Z. Xu, Adv. Mater. , 2008, 20: 3284
doi: 10.1002/adma.200702149
46 Y. Kobayashi,1, K. Fukui, T. Enoki, K. Kusakabe, and Y. Kaburagi, Phys. Rev. B , 2005, 71: 193406
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.71.193406
47 Y. Niimi, T. Matsui, H. Kambara, K. Tagami, M. Tsukada, and H. Fukuyama, Phys. Rev. B , 2006, 73: 085421
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.73.085421
48 Z. Liu, K. Suenaga, Peter J. F. Harris, and S. Iijima, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2009, 102: 015501
49 K. Nakada, M. Fujita, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, Phys. Rev. B , 1996, 54: 17954
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.54.17954
50 K. Wakabayashi, M. Fujita, H. Ajiki, and M. Sigris, Phys. Rev. B , 1999, 59: 8271
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.59.8271
51 Y. Miyamoto, K. Nakada, and M. Fujita, Phys. Rev. B , 1999, 59: 9858
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.59.9858
52 Y. W. Son, M. L. Cohen, and S. G. Louie, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2006, 97: 216803
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.216803
53 V. Barone, O. Hod, and G. E. Scuseria, Nano Lett. , 2006, 6:2748.
doi: 10.1021/nl0617033
54 D. Gunlycke and C. T. White, Phys. Rev. B , 2008, 77: 115116
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.77.115116
55 X. Wang, Y. Ouyang, X. Li, H. Wang, and H. Dai, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2008, 100: 206803
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.206803
56 L. Brey and H. A. Fertig, Phys. Rev. B , 2006, 73: 235411
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.73.235411
57 Y. W. Son, M. L. Cohen, and S. G. Louie, Nature (London) , 2006, 444: 347
doi: 10.1038/nature05180
58 L. Yang, C. H. Park, Y. W. Son, M. L. Cohen, and S. G. Louie, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2007, 99: 186801
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.186801
59 B. Huang, F. Liu, J. Wu, B. L. Gu, and W. Duan, Phys. Rev. B , 2008, 77: 153411
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.77.153411
60 E. J. Kan, Z. Li, J. Yang, and J. G. Hou, Appl. Phys. Lett. , 2007, 91: 243116
doi: 10.1063/1.2821112
61 E. Rudberg, P. Sa?ek, and Y. Luo, Nano Lett. , 2007, 7: 2211
doi: 10.1021/nl070593c
62 O. Hod, V. Barone, J. E. Peralta, and G. E. Scuseria, Nano Lett. , 2007, 7: 2295
doi: 10.1021/nl0708922
63 E. J. Kan, Z. Li, J. Yang, and J. G. Hou, J. Am. Chem. Soc. , 2008, 130: 4224
doi: 10.1021/ja710407t
64 F. Cervantes-Sodi, G. Csányi, S. Piscanec, and A. C. Ferrari, Phys. Rev. B , 2008, 77: 165427
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.77.165427
65 S. Dutta and S. K. Pati, J. Phys. Chem. B , 2008, 112: 1333
doi: 10.1021/jp710637c
66 Z. Li, H. Qian, J. Wu, B. L. Gu, and W. Duan, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2008, 100: 206802
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.206802
67 A. R. Akhmerov, J. H. Bardarson, A. Rycerz, and C. W. J. Beenakker, Phys. Rev. B , 2008, 77: 205416
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.77.205416
68 A. Cresti, G. Grosso, and G. Pastori Parravicini, Phys. Rev. B , 2008, 77: 233402
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.77.233402
69 J. Nakabayashi, D. Yamamoto, and S. Kurihara, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2009, 102: 066803
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.066803
70 W. Y. Kim and K. S. Kim, Nature Nanotechnology , 2008, 3: 408
doi: 10.1038/nnano.2008.163
71 K. S. Novoselov, E. McCann, S. V. Morozov, V. I. Falko, M. I. Katsnelson, U. Zeitler, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, and A. K. Geim, Nature Phys. , 2006, 2: 177
doi: 10.1038/nphys245
72 T. Ohta, A. Bostwick, T. Seyller, K. Horn, and E. Rotenberg, Science , 2006, 313: 951
doi: 10.1126/science.1130681
73 E. V. Castro, K. S. Novoselov, S. V. Morozov, N. M. R. Peres, J. M. B. Lopes dos Santos, J. Nilsson, F. Guinea, A. K. Geim, and A. H. Castro Neto, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2007, 99: 216802
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.216802
74 M. I. Katsnelson, K. S. Novoselov, and A. K. Geim, Nat. Phys. , 2006, 2: 620
doi: 10.1038/nphys384
75 K. T. Lam and G. Liang, Appl. Phys. Lett. , 2008, 92: 223106
doi: 10.1063/1.2938058
76 E. V. Castro, N. M. R. Peres, J. M. B. Lopes dos Santos, A. H. Castro Neto, and F. Guinea, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2008, 100: 026802
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.026802
77 B. Sahu, H. Min, A. H. MacDonald, and S. K. Banerjee, Phys. Rev. B , 2008, 78: 045404
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.78.045404
78 D. A. Areshkin, D. Gunlycke, and C. T. White, Nano Lett. , 2007, 7: 204
doi: 10.1021/nl062132h
79 D. Gunlycke, D. A. Areshkin, and C. T. White, Appl. Phys. Lett. , 2007, 90: 12104
doi: 10.1063/1.2718515
80 D. Querlioz, Y. Apertet, A. Valentin, K. Huet, A. Bournel, S. Galdin-Retailleau, and P. Dollfus, Appl. Phys. Lett. , 2008, 92: 042108
doi: 10.1063/1.2838354
81 T. C. Li and S. P. Lu, Phys. Rev. B , 2008, 77: 085408
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.77.085408
82 A. Lherbier, B. Biel, Y. M. Niquet, and S. Roche, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2008, 100: 036803
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.036803
83 A. Cresti, N. Nemec, B. Biel, G. Niebler, F. Triozon, G. Cuniberti, and S. Roche, Nano Res. , 2008, 1: 361
doi: 10.1007/s12274-008-8043-2
84 M. Evaldsson, I. V. Zozoulenko, H. Xu, and T. Heinzel, Phys. Rev. B , 2008, 78: 161407
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.78.161407
85 E. R. Mucciolo, A. H. Castro Neto, and C. H. Lewenkopf, Phys. Rev. B , 2009, 79: 075407
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.79.075407
86 F. Sols, F. Guinea, and A. H. Castro Neto, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2007, 99: 166803
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.166803
87 C. Stampfer, J. Güttinger, F. Molitor, D. Graf, T. Ihn, and K. Ensslin, Appl. Phys. Lett. , 2008, 92: 012102
doi: 10.1063/1.2827188
88 C. Stampfer, J. Güttinger, S. Hellmüller, F. Molitor, K. Ensslin, and T. Ihn, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2009, 102: 056403
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.056403
89 K. Todd, H. T. Chou, S. Amasha, and D. Goldhaber- Gordon, Nano Lett. , 2009, 9: 416
doi: 10.1021/nl803291b
90 M. Wimmer, I. Adagideli, S. Berber, D. Tomanek, and K. Richter, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2008, 100: 177207
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.177207
91 D. S. Novikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2007, 99: 056802
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.056802
92 C. L. Kane and E. J. Mele, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 1997, 78: 1932
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.78.1932
93 Y. Ouyang, Y. Yoon, J. K. Fodor, and J. Guo, Appl. Phys. Lett. , 2006, 89: 203107
doi: 10.1063/1.2387876
94 G. Liang, N. Neophytou, M. S. Lundstrom, and D. E. Nikonov, J. Appl. Phys. , 2007, 102: 054307
doi: 10.1063/1.2775917
95 V. Ryzhii, M. Ryzhii, A. Satou, and T. Otsuji, J. Appl. Phys. , 2008, 103: 094510
doi: 10.1063/1.2917284
96 P. Avouris, Acc. Chem. Res. , 2002, 35: 1026
doi: 10.1021/ar010152e
97 A. Javey, J. Guo, D. B. Farmer, Q. Wang, D. Wang, R. G. Gordon, M. Lundstrom, and H. Dai, Nano Lett. , 2004, 4: 447
doi: 10.1021/nl035185x
98 B. Huang, Q. Yan, G. Zhou, J. Wu, B. L. Gu, W. Duan, and F. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. , 2007, 91: 253122
doi: 10.1063/1.2826547
99 G. Liang, N. Neophytou, M. S. Lundstrom, and D. E. Nikonov, Nano Lett. , 2008, 8: 1819
doi: 10.1021/nl080255r
100 Y. Yoon and J. Guo, Appl. Phys. Lett. , 2007, 91: 073103
doi: 10.1063/1.2769764
101 D. Basu, M. J. Gilbert, L. F. Register, S. K. Banerjee, and A. H. MacDonald, Appl. Phys. Lett. , 2008, 92: 042114
doi: 10.1063/1.2839330
102 Y. Ouyang, X. Wang, H. Dai, and J. Guo, Appl. Phys. Lett. , 2008, 92: 243124
doi: 10.1063/1.2949749
103 T. B. Martins, R. H. Miwa, A. J. R. da Silva, and A. Fazzio, Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2007, 98: 196803
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.196803
104 A. Rycerz, J. Tworzyd?o, and C. W. J. Beenakker, Nature Phys. , 2007, 3: 172
doi: 10.1038/nphys547
105 B. Huang, Z. Li, Z. Liu, G. Zhou, S. Hao, J. Wu, B. L. Gu, and W. Duan, J. Phys. Chem. C , 2008, 112: 13442
doi: 10.1021/jp8021024
No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed