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Frontiers of Physics

ISSN 2095-0462

ISSN 2095-0470(Online)

CN 11-5994/O4

邮发代号 80-965

2018 Impact Factor: 2.483

Frontiers of Physics  2012, Vol. 7 Issue (1): 16-30    DOI: 10.1007/s11467-011-0232-x
  REVIEW ARTICLE 本期目录 |  
Quantum dynamics in ultracold atomic physics
Quantum dynamics in ultracold atomic physics
Qiong-Yi He, Margaret D. Reid, Bogdan Opanchuk, Rodney Polkinghorne, Laura E. C. Rosales-Zárate, Peter D. Drummond()
Centre for Atom Optics and Ultrafast Spectroscopy, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne 3122, Australia
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Abstract

We review recent developments in the theory of quantum dynamics in ultracold atomic physics, including exact techniques and methods based on phase-space mappings that are applicable when the complexity becomes exponentially large. Phase-space representations include the truncated Wigner, positive-P and general Gaussian operator representations which can treat both bosons and fermions. These phase-space methods include both traditional approaches using a phase-space of classical dimension, and more recent methods that use a non-classical phase-space of increased dimensionality. Examples used include quantum Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen (EPR) entanglement of a four-mode BEC, time-reversal tests of dephasing in single-mode traps, BEC quantum collisions with up to 106 modes and 105 interacting particles, quantum interferometry in a multi-mode trap with nonlinear absorption, and the theory of quantum entropy in phase-space. We also treat the approach of variational optimization of the sampling error, giving an elementary example of a nonlinear oscillator.

Key wordsquantum    dynamics    atomic    ultracold    collisions    entanglement    phase-space
收稿日期: 2011-09-14      出版日期: 2012-02-01
引用本文:   
. Quantum dynamics in ultracold atomic physics[J]. Frontiers of Physics, 2012, 7(1): 16-30.
Qiong-Yi He, Margaret D. Reid, Bogdan Opanchuk, Rodney Polkinghorne, Laura E. C. Rosales-Zárate, Peter D. Drummond. Quantum dynamics in ultracold atomic physics. Front. Phys. , 2012, 7(1): 16-30.
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http://academic.hep.com.cn/fop/CN/10.1007/s11467-011-0232-x      或      http://academic.hep.com.cn/fop/CN/Y2012/V7/I1/16
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