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Frontiers of Physics

ISSN 2095-0462

ISSN 2095-0470(Online)

CN 11-5994/O4

邮发代号 80-965

2018 Impact Factor: 2.483

Frontiers of Physics  2014, Vol. 9 Issue (3): 323-350    DOI: 10.1007/s11467-013-0408-7
  Special Issue: Nanoscience and Emerging Nanotechnologies (Edited by C. M. Lieber) 本期目录 |  
Nanomaterials for electrochemical energy storage
Nian Liu1,Weiyang Li2,Mauro Pasta2,Yi Cui2,3,*()
1. Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
3. Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
全文: PDF(2051 KB)  

The development of nanotechnology in the past two decades has generated great capability of controlling materials at the nanometer scale and has enabled exciting opportunities to design materials with desirable electronic, ionic, photonic, and mechanical properties. This development has also contributed to the advance in energy storage, which is a critical technology in this century. In this article, we will review how the rational design of nanostructured materials has addressed the challenges of batteries and electrochemical capacitors and led to high-performance electrochemical energy storage devices. Four specific material systems will be discussed: i) nanostructured alloy anodes for Li-batteries, ii) nanostructured sulfur cathodes for Li-batteries, iii) nanoporous openframework battery electrodes, and iv) nanostructured electrodes for electrochemical capacitors.

Key wordsnanomaterial    energy storage    silicon anode    sulfur cathode    stationary battery    electrochemical capacitors
收稿日期: 2013-11-07      出版日期: 2014-06-26
. [J]. Frontiers of Physics, 2014, 9(3): 323-350.
Nian Liu, Weiyang Li, Mauro Pasta, Yi Cui. Nanomaterials for electrochemical energy storage. Front. Phys. , 2014, 9(3): 323-350.
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