Study of various few-body systems using Gaussian expansion method (GEM)
Frontiers of Physics. 2018, 13 (
We review our calculation method, Gaussian expansion method (GEM), to solve accurately the Schrödinger equations for bound, resonant and scattering states of few-body systems. Use is made of the Rayleigh-Ritz variational method for bound states, the complex-scaling method for resonant states and the Kohn-type variational principle to S-matrix for scattering states. GEM was proposed 30 years ago and has been applied to a variety of subjects in few-body (3- to 5-body) systems, such as 1) few-nucleon systems, 2) few-body structure of hypernuclei, 3) clustering structure of light nuclei and unstable nuclei, 4) exotic atoms/molecules, 5) cold atoms, 6) nuclear astrophysics and 7) structure of exotic hadrons. Showing examples in our published papers, we explain i) high accuracy of GEM calculations and its reason, ii) wide applicability of GEM to various few-body systems, iii) successful predictions by GEM calculations before measurements. The total bound-state wave function is expanded in terms of few-body Gaussian basis functions spanned over all the sets of rearrangement Jacobi coordinates. Gaussians with ranges in
geometric progression work very well both for shortrange and long-range behavior of the few-body wave functions. Use of Gaussians with complex ranges gives much more accurate solution than in the case of real-range Gaussians, especially, when the wave function has many nodes (oscillations). These basis functions can well be applied to calculations using the complex-scaling method for resonances. For the few-body scattering states, the amplitude of the interaction region is expanded in terms of those few-body Gaussian basis functions.
Regularity of atomic nuclei with random interactions:
sd bosons Frontiers of Physics. 2018, 13 (
Atomic nuclei are complex systems with gigantic configuration spaces, therefore truncations of model spaces are indispensable. Due to the short-range nature of the nuclear interactions, one may resort to a truncation by using coherent nucleon-pairs which are conveniently further simplified as bosons, such as
sd bosons. The discovery of the spin-zero ground state dominance with random two-body interactions led to a series of studies on regular structure for sd bosons in the presence of random interactions, and this review article summarizes studies along this line in last two decades. We concentrate on various patterns exhibited in sd boson systems, and demonstrate that many random samples which were thought to be noisy exhibit very regular patterns, some of which are interpreted in terms of the U(5), O(6), , SU(3), and O ( 6 ) ¯ dynamical symmetries of the S U ( 3 ) ¯ sd interacting boson model.