Frontiers of Philosophy in China

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Doing business: an obscure notion of the ethics of public associations in ordinary Chinese
Liao Shenbai
Front. Philos. China. 2006, 1 (3): 325-340.  
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11466-006-0012-9

Abstract   PDF (316KB)
Along with the notion of being a person (zuo ren PZN?), the notion of doing business (zuo shi PZN?) in ordinary Chinese is basically an over-all notion of the norms in the practical and associative activities, carrying typically obscure meanings on practice and association affairs in some external world. Ordinary Chinese not only distinguishes these two notions but also defines a dictionary order of them, with the affairs of the internal world prior to those of the external. The fact that the notion of doing business refers to business (shi N?) rather than person (ren N?) makes this order clear at a deeper level. It shows that this notion regards the practical affairs of the external world less important to the person itself than those of the internal. Except for these qualities, the notion of doing business holds some normative meanings, although contains no definite rules. These meanings indirectly relate to the notion of person that people form in their private associations and emerge as some mixture with a tactical attitude out of the need of earning a life. The notion of person gives birth to some obscure requirements, for instance, the requirement of doing business in accordance with your conscience  and that of doing business seriously . The core world of family is marginalized in the public transition of associations. There are reasons to anticipate that in this process the notion of doing business will undergo more radical changes than that of being a person.
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Three sources of wisdom of Chinese traditional virtue and a contemporary examination
Li Chenggui
Front. Philos. China. 2006, 1 (3): 341-365.  
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11466-006-0013-8

Abstract   PDF (378KB)
There are three explanations of the sources of virtue in the history of Chinese traditional ethical thoughts. The first source is tian Dao (the Dao of Heaven) (natural), the second is xing Dao (the Dao of nature) (mind-nature), and the third is ren Dao (the Dao of human) (social). These explanations not only demonstrate the unique wisdom of ancient Chinese thinkers in constructing morality, but also have special revelations for us to comprehend more accurately the Chinese traditional morality, to clear up the wrong ideas about morality that have formed since modern times, to make virtue present  instead of latent , and to construct a moral society.
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Traditional Confucianism in modern China: Ma Yifu’s ethical thought
Chai Wenhua
Front. Philos. China. 2006, 1 (3): 366-381.  
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11466-006-0014-7

Abstract   PDF (310KB)
Modern neo-Confucianism is studied at two levels, one is at the historical level and the other at the academic level. Modern neo-Confucianism at the historical level was developed in the modern context, but its basic content belongs to the traditional Confucianism or the study of Confucian classics. Modern neo-Confucianism at the academic level recognizes both the deficiencies of the traditional Confucianism and rationality of western learning, and dedicates itself to the modernization of Confucianism. Though Ma Yifu s moral philosophy is developed in the context of modern Chinese culture, it fails to deal with the problem of modern transformation of Confucian ethical values and its content still belongs to the traditional Confucianism. So it should be labeled as the modern neo-Confucianism in the historical sense. In this paper, the author makes a systematic exploration and an evaluation of Ma Yifu s ethical thought.
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Is Mozi a utilitarian philosopher?
Hao Changchi
Front. Philos. China. 2006, 1 (3): 382-400.  
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11466-006-0015-6

Abstract   PDF (342KB)
In this essay I argue that Mozi s philosophy is anything but utilitarianism by way of analysing four ethical theories. Utilitarianism is an ethics in which the moral subject is an atomic individual human being, and its concern is how to fulfill the interests of the individual self and the social majority. Confucian ethics is centered on the notion of the family and its basic question is that of priority in the relationship between the small self and the enlarged or collective self. Opposite to these two moral theories is Mozi s ethics: The interests that Mozi is primarily concerned with are not the interests of my individual self or my collective self, but the interests of the other. The fulfillment of the material needs of the other is my moral obligation. The arguments are centered on the three basic concepts, the I,  the we,  and the other.  The significance of Mozi s thought in modern or postmodern context lies in its striking resemblance to the philosophy of a contemporary western philosopher, Levinas. In both Mozi and Levinas, there is a suspension of utilitarianism.
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Separation of politics and morality: a commentary on Analects of Confucius
Dongfang Shuo, Lin Hongcheng
Front. Philos. China. 2006, 1 (3): 401-417.  
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11466-006-0016-5

Abstract   PDF (316KB)
Confucians emphasizes and values morality, hence observers tended to regard moralities as politics so that the independent politics in the Confucian tradition has become implicit. Through a perusal of the Analects of Confucius, we can find that ethics and politics were separated from and independent of each other to Confucius, the primitive Confucian: he did not substitute ethics for politics.
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A brief explanation of the Chu bamboo slips Hengxian
Zheng Wangeng
Front. Philos. China. 2006, 1 (3): 418-431.  
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11466-006-0017-4

Abstract   PDF (329KB)
The discovery of Hengxian and the formation of the category of hengxian are an important recapitulation and creative integration of the theory of the ontological Dao (Tao) in the Pre-Qin period. The cosmology of self-creating and self-functioning  in Hengxian and the theory of self-creating and self-evolving  in Liezi and Zhuangzi can be mutually interpreted. It indicates that the theory of transformation of qi entered a quite mature state in the Warring States Period.
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On philosophical subjects and methods
Peng Fuchun
Front. Philos. China. 2006, 1 (3): 432-454.  
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11466-006-0018-3

Abstract   PDF (386KB)
With the consideration of some issues in contemporary philosophy, this thesis attempts to analyze being, thinking and language as philosophical subjects, and clear up the multiple meanings for each of them. It will also inquire the traditional methods in both Chinese and Western philosophy, and those in contemporary thinking. Finally, it puts forward a theory of the critique without principles . The thesis aims to explore a new way to solve the problems of contemporary philosophy by changing its subjects and methods.
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Art, authenticity and appropriation
James O. Young
Front. Philos. China. 2006, 1 (3): 455-476.  
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11466-006-0019-2

Abstract   PDF (315KB)
It is often suggested that artists from one culture (outsiders) cannot successfully employ styles, stories, motifs and other artistic content developed in the context of another culture. I call this suggestion the aesthetic handicap thesis and argue against it. Cultural appropriation can result in works of high aesthetic value.
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Pragmatic commitments to naturalized epistemology
Cong Hangqing, Cheng Xiaodong
Front. Philos. China. 2006, 1 (3): 477-490.  
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11466-006-0020-9

Abstract   PDF (307KB)
This essay explores numerous and complicated naturalized epistemology against the background of pragmatism. We distinguish three programmes of naturalized epistemology: strong, moderate, and weak. By considering commitments of pragmatism on which different programmes depend, we point out the close-knit relationship between pragmatism and naturalized epistemology. We also illustrate the essential origin of today s controversy over naturalized epistemology and predict the uptrend of naturalized epistemology.
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Bayesian test and Kuhn’s paradigm
Chen Xiaoping
Front. Philos. China. 2006, 1 (3): 491-505.  
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11466-006-0021-8

Abstract   PDF (333KB)
Kuhn s theory of paradigm reveals a pattern of scientific progress, in which normal science alternates with scientific revolution. But Kuhn underrated too much the function of scientific test in his pattern, because he focuses all his attention on the hypothetico-deductive schema instead of Bayesian schema. This paper employs Bayesian schema to re-examine Kuhn s theory of paradigm, to uncover its logical and rational components, and to illustrate the tensional structure of logic and belief, rationality and irrationality, in the process of scientific revolution.
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Revival and significance of political philosophy at present time
Chen Yanqing, Wang Xinsheng
Front. Philos. China. 2006, 1 (3): 506-515.  
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11466-006-0022-7

Abstract   PDF (289KB)
Taking a panoramic view on the history of modern philosophy, we can learn that political philosophy, a new arena for modern philosophy, has become an important field in philosophical studies since the later half of the 20th century. As far as the problem domain of political philosophy is concerned, political philosophy is only a special form of philosophy. The revival of political philosophy, however, indicates that philosophical inspection of political matters has regained legitimacy, and also means the restaging of philosophy as a knowledge type at modern times. In one sense, we can view the newly-revived political philosophy as typical modern philosophy, because its problem domain, its unique angle of looking into the life world and its ideal concern about the actual world make it one of the best ways in which we can reflect the existence of mankind in modern times.
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11 articles