Please wait a minute...
Frontiers of Agriculture in China

ISSN 1673-7334

ISSN 1673-744X(Online)

CN 11-5729/S

Front Agric Chin    2009, Vol. 3 Issue (1) : 34-39     DOI: 10.1007/s11703-009-0006-1
RESEARCH ARTICLE |
Coordinated effects of root autotoxic substances and Fusarium oxysporum Schl. f. sp. fragariae on the growth and replant disease of strawberry
Xusheng ZHAO1,2, Wenchao ZHEN1,2(), Yongzhi QI1,2, Xuejing LIU1,2, Baozhong YIN1,2
1. College of Plant Protection, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071001, China; 2. Research Center for Biocontrol Techniques against Pests on Crops of Hebei Province, Baoding 071001, China
Download: PDF(172 KB)   HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks
Abstract  

Effects of hydroxybenzoic acid, an important autotoxic substance in roots, on plant growth, photosynthesis and Fusarium oxysporum occurrence in succession cropping of strawberry were evaluated in this paper. It was found that plant growth was negatively regulated by hydroxybenzoic acid or inoculation with F. oxysporum. Compared with these single factor treatments, the combination of the hydroxybenzoic acid treatment and F. oxysporum inoculation caused more severe inhibition in plant growth, greatly enhanced the occurrence of disease symptoms, and significantly decreased the chlorophyll content, net photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance and intercellular CO2 concentration. In the meantime, the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters in strawberry were also significantly affected. After the application of hydroxybenzoic acid, the original chlorophyll fluorescence rapidly increased, resulting in a combined corresponding decrease in the maximum chlorophyll fluorescence and the chlorophyll fluorescence transformation efficiency. The effects of hydroxybenzoic acid treatment on the above chlorophyll fluorescence parameters from inoculation were delayed. Similarly, the coordination of hydroxybenzoic acid and F. oxysporum showed an elevated negative effect on the degree of inhibition of leaf photosynthesis more than the single factor treatments.

Keywords strawberry      autotoxic substance      Fusarium oxysporum      hydroxybenzoic acid      replant disease     
Corresponding Authors: ZHEN Wenchao,Email:wenchao@hebau.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 05 March 2009
URL:  
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fag/EN/10.1007/s11703-009-0006-1     OR     http://academic.hep.com.cn/fag/EN/Y2009/V3/I1/34
treatmentroot length/cmroot numberper plantroot dry weight/gstem and leavesdry weight/gstem diameter/cmleaf areaper plant/cm2
FO13.3c22.1c1.471c1.743ab1.01ab64.5c
0.3 mmol?L-1 PA14.5b25.3b2.175b1.804a1.04b78.1b
0.3 mmol?L-1 PA+FO12.4c18.8d1.225d1.377b0.91b56.9d
CK16.1a28.2a2.520a1.998a1.11a99.7a
Tab.1  Effects of PA and on the growth of strawberry
Fig.1  Effect of PA and on the contents of chlorophyll in strawberry leaves
Fig.2  Effect of PA and on Pn of strawberry leaves
Fig.3  Effect of PA and on Tr of strawberry leaves
Fig.4  Effect of PA and on Gs of strawberry leaves
Fig.5  Effect of PA and on Ci of strawberry leaves
Fig.6  Effects of 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid and on characteristics of chlorophyll fluorescence of strawberry leaves
Fig.7  Effect of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and on the disease index of strawberry roots
1 Balke N E (1985). Effects of allelochemicals on mineral uptake and associated physiological process. ACS Symp Series , 268: 161-178
2 Blum U, Shafer R, Lehmen M E (1999). Evidence for inhibitory allelopathic interactions invdving phenolic acids in field soils: Concepts vs. an experimental model. Crit Rev Plant Sci , 18: 673-693
doi: 10.1016/S0735-2689(99)00396-2
3 Cui Q, Li X L, Zhai S Z (2006).Quantitative determination of chlorophyll by spectrophotometry in wheat. Journal of Anhui Agri Sci , 34(10): 2063 (in Chinese)
4 Einhellig F A (1986). Mechanisms and modes of action of allelochemicals. In: Putnam A R, Tang C T, eds. The Science of Allelopathy . New York: John Wiley and Sons, 171-188
5 Gagues S, Cotxarrera L, Alegre L, Trillas M (2002). Limitations to photosynthesis in tomato leaves induced by Fusarium wilt. New Phytologist , 154: 461-470
doi: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2002.00379.x
6 Gao Z Q, Zhang S X (1998). Continuous cropping obstacle and rhizospheric microecology I. Root exudates and their ecological effects. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology , 9(5): 549-554 (in Chinese)
7 Harris D C (1990). Control of Verticiliium wilt and other soil-borne diseases of strawberry in Britain by chemical soil disinfestations. Journal of Horticultural Science , 65(3): 401-408
8 Harris D C (1991). A comparison of dazomet, chloropicrin and methyl bromide as soil disfestants for strawberries. Journal of Horticultural Science , 66(1): 51-58
9 Jia W, Zhang J (1999). Stomatal closure is induced rather by prevailing xylem abscisic acid than by accumulated amount of xylem-derived abscisic acid. Plan Physiology , 106: 268-275
doi: 10.1034/j.1399-3054.1999.106303.x
10 Liu W Q, Wang L J, Liu H (2006). Effects of shading on photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics of Toyonoka strawberry cultivar. Journal of Fruit Science , 23(2): 219-213 (in Chinese)
11 Poeles B S (1984). Photoinhibition of photosynthesis induced by visible light. Rew Plant Physiol Ann , 35: 15-50
12 Rice L E (1984). Allelopathy, 2nd ed. New York: Academic Press
13 Xu K, Guo Y P, Zhang S L (2005). Response of strawberry leaves photosynthesis to strong light and its mechanism. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology , 16(1): 73-78 (in Chinese)
14 Yu J Q, Matsui Y (1994). Phytotoxic substance in the root exudates of Cucumis sativus L. Journal of Chemical Ecology , 20(1): 21-31
doi: 10.1007/BF02065988
15 Yu J Q, Matsui Y (1997). Effects of root exudates of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) and allelochemicals on ion uptake by cucumber seedlings. Journal of Chemical Ecology , 23(3): 817-827
doi: 10.1023/B:JOEC.0000006413.98507.55
16 Yu J Q, Ye S F, Zhang M F, Hu W H (2003). Effects of root exudates, aqueous root extracts of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) and allelochemicals on photosynthesis and antioxidant enzymes in cucumber. Biochemical System Ecology , 31: 129-139
doi: 10.1016/S0305-1978(02)00150-3
17 Zhen W, Cao K Q, Dai L (2004a). Simulation of autotoxicity of strawberry root exudates under continuous cropping. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica , 28(6): 828-833 (in Chinese)
18 Zhen W, Dai L, Hu T L (2004b). Effect of continuous cropping on growth and root diseases of strawberry. Journal of Agricultural University of Hebei , 27(5): 68-71 (in Chinese)
19 Zhen W, Wang X Y, Kong J Y (2004c). Determination of phenolic acids in root exudates and decomposing products of strawberry and their allelopathy. Journal of Agricultural University of Hebei , 27(4): 74-78 (in Chinese)
[1] Xiaona ZHANG, Zide ZHANG, Lei WANG, Zhenliang ZHANG, Jing LI, Congzhi ZHAO. Impact of ozone on quality of strawberry during cold storage[J]. Front Agric Chin, 2011, 5(3): 356-360.
[2] Baozhong YIN, Yanan WANG, Jinli HU, Wenchao ZHEN, Pan LIU, . Effects of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza on the protective system in strawberry leaves under drought stress[J]. Front. Agric. China, 2010, 4(2): 165-169.
[3] Chunli SONG, Junlian MA, Xia TANG, Zide ZHANG, Zhixia HOU, . Strawberry FaEtr2 gene RNAi expression vector construction and genetic transformation[J]. Front. Agric. China, 2009, 3(4): 419-424.
[4] Chunli SONG, Pingping ZHOU, Junlian MA, Xia TANG, Zide ZHANG, Zhixia HOU. Cloning of strawberry FaEtr2 gene and its plant expression vector construction for antisense RNA[J]. Front Agric Chin, 2009, 3(1): 55-59.
[5] ZHANG Yu, HU Tongle, JI Lijing, CAO Keqiang. A bio-product as alternative to methyl bromide for replant disease control on strawberry[J]. Front. Agric. China, 2008, 2(1): 72-76.
[6] WANG Lijing, HU Tongle, JI Lijing, CAO Keqiang. Inhibitory efficacy of calcium cyanamide on the pathogens of replant diseases in strawberry[J]. Front. Agric. China, 2007, 1(2): 183-187.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed