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Frontiers of Agriculture in China

ISSN 1673-7334

ISSN 1673-744X(Online)

CN 11-5729/S

Front Agric Chin    2011, Vol. 5 Issue (3) : 375-381     DOI: 10.1007/s11703-011-1078-2
Extraction of soluble dietary fiber and hemicellulose from Cornus officinalis residue and preparation of fiber drinking water
Yitian SHAO, Cunli ZHANG(), Ying GUO, Pengzhou XI, Jie GUO
College of Forestry and Life Sciences, Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, Yangling 712100, China
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Soluble dietary fiber (SDF) is an extract from spent residue of BoldItalic Sieb. et Zucc fruit by ultrasonic. The conditions of the experiment optimized with response surface methodology were ambient temperature of 70.3°C, the ratio of solvent to solid being 30 mL/g, and processing time of 110 min under the ultrasonic wave frequency of 40 kHz and ultrasonic power of 250 W. The best aggregative indicator, incorporating the yield of BoldItalic SDF (CSDF), the content of SDF, and light transmittance (%, at 620 nm) of SDF, was predicted to be 12.7845 according to the fitting equation. After UV sterilization, 0.25% (w/v) dispersion of CSDF in mineral water presented a good light transmittance (94.9%) and shelf-life (over 2 months). It had no smell and tasted good. The left residue was extracted with caustic soda to get hemicellulose.

Keywords Cornus officinalis      soluble dietary fiber      response surface methodology      fiber drinking water      hemicellulose     
Corresponding Authors: ZHANG Cunli,   
Issue Date: 05 September 2011
URL:     OR
Fig.1  Scheme for extraction of CSDF from powder.
Fig.2  Effects of ambient temperature, solvent-to-solid ratio, and time on wet weight of alcohol precipitation.
Trial no.VariableYYAYP
X1 (Temperature (°C))X2 (Solvent to solid (mL/g))X3(Time (min))Y1(%)Y2(%)Y3(%)
1(-1) 66.3(-1) 27.1(-1) 98.53.64683.595.412.5844112.6731
2(1) 83.7(-1) 27.1(-1) 98.53.99279.091.412.2936812.3548
3(-1) 66.3(1) 32.9(-1) 98.53.79281.295.312.5603812.6831
4(1) 83.7(1) 32.9(-1) 98.54.23677.990.212.3198412.3960
5(-1) 66.3(-1) 27.1(1) 121.53.81080.795.312.6046712.6778
6(1) 83.7(-1) 27.1(1) 121.54.24678.090.312.3418812.4172
7(-1) 66.3(1) 32.9(1) 121.53.84879.694.812.5430112.6312
8(1) 83.7(1) 32.9(1) 121.54.37477.389.612.3411012.4018
9(-1.732) 60(0) 30(0) 1103.73285.095.712.7932012.6270
10(1.732) 90(0) 30(0) 1104.43876.488.512.2406312.1549
11(0) 75(-1.732) 25(0) 1104.13279.694.212.7090712.6088
12(0) 75(1.732) 35(0) 1104.23078.693.812.7047812.6041
13(0) 75(0) 30(-1.732) 904.02480.094.712.6892012.5897
14(0) 75(0) 30(1.732) 1304.24078.793.612.6968812.5989
15(0) 75(0) 30(0) 1104.18279.994.412.7814212.7733
16(0) 75(0) 30(0) 1104.16879.694.512.7677312.7733
17(0) 75(0) 30(0) 1104.16679.794.512.7703012.7733
18(0) 75(0) 30(0) 1104.17879.794.412.7698712.7733
19(0) 75(0) 30(0) 1104.17679.594.512.7699212.7733
20(0) 75(0) 30(0) 1104.17879.994.412.7782212.7733
Tab.1  Central composite design consisting of experiments for the study of three factors in coded and levels with experimental results
Fig.3  Response surface plot of the relation between the ratios of solvent to solid and time to the aggregative indicator of CSDF at constant ambient temperature of 75°C.
Fig.4  Response surface plot of the relation between ambient temperature and time to the aggregative indicator of CSDF in the constant ratio of solvent to solid at 30 mL/g.
Fig.5  Response surface plot of the relation between ambient temperature and ratio of solvent to solid to the aggregative indicator of CSDF with constant time of 110 min.
SampleMoistureAshFatSDFSolubilityLight transmittance
Tab.2  Chemical composition, solubility, and light transmittance of product (%)
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