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Frontiers of Medicine

ISSN 2095-0217

ISSN 2095-0225(Online)

CN 11-5983/R

Postal Subscription Code 80-967

2018 Impact Factor: 1.847

Front. Med.    2008, Vol. 2 Issue (1) : 82-86     DOI: 10.1007/s11684-008-0015-0
Prokaryotic expression and purification of fusion protein HSP70-EGFP and its application in the study of dendritic cells internalization antigen
QU Ping1, SUI Yanfang2, MA Jiahai2, CHEN Guangsheng2, LIU Libing3, CHEN Jiankang3, LIU Fang'e3
1.Department of Pathology, School of Basic Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University; Center of Basic Medicine and Teaching Experiment, School of Basic Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University; 2.Department of Pathology, School of Basic Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University; 3.Center of Basic Medicine and Teaching Experiment, School of Basic Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University
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Abstract  To study the endocytic activity of dendritic cells (DCs) by obtaining fusion protein HSP70-EGFP as exogenous antigen and loading it with DCs derived from human peripheral blood. Fusion protein HSP70-EGFP was prokaryotically expressed, isolated and purified. DCs were isolated and cultured from human peripheral blood. The DCs were divided into 3 groups in the endocytic experiment. There were 106 DCs in each group. Group 1 and 2 were respectively incubated for 30 min. with HSP70-EGFP and EGFP. Group 3 was incubated with HSP70 for 30 min, and then incubated for 30 min. with HSP70-EGFP. Subsequently, 3 groups were placed in an incubator at 37°C for 0.5, 1, 2 and 24 h. Flow cytometry (FCM) was adopted to detect the amount of DCs with EGFP inside. IL-12 Eli-spot was adopted to detect the amount of DCs which secreted IL-12. There were 5 types in the experiment: LPS, inactive LPS, HSP70-EGFP, EGFP and no antigen. Fusion protein HSP70-EGFP was successfully obtained and its molecular weight was 97 000. It accounted for 35.32% of the total protein. Under irradiation of an ultraviolet lamp, the protein solution sent out viridescent fluorescence. The result detected by FCM indicated that after incubation for 0.5 h at 37°C, the positive rate in group 1 was 63%, while the other 2 groups were negative. After incubation for 1, 2 and 24 h at 37°C, the positive rates in the 3 groups were above 80%. The IL-12 Eli-spot examination shows that with HSP70-EGFP being loaded, the amount of DCs secreting IL-12 was 134.09 ± 31.78/105 cells, a little lower than that of DCs with LPS loaded (with the average point of 156.36 ± 15.73). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups (P < 0.01). By contrast, both of them were significantly higher than inactive LPS-(33.78 ± 1.40)/105 cells and EGFP-loaded (23.13 ± 4.57)/105 cells DC groups in the amount of DCs secreting IL-12 (P < 0.01). The results suggest that receptor-mediated phagocytosis plays a main role in the preliminary stage of DCs internalizing HSP70-EGFP. With increasing incubation time, pinocytosis begins to dominate. HSP70-EGFP may promote DCs to secret cell factor IL-12.
Issue Date: 05 March 2008
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