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Frontiers of Medicine

ISSN 2095-0217

ISSN 2095-0225(Online)

CN 11-5983/R

Postal Subscription Code 80-967

2018 Impact Factor: 1.847

Front. Med.    2010, Vol. 4 Issue (1) : 127-130     DOI: 10.1007/s11684-010-0009-6
Research articles |
Treatment of infant postrenal acute renal failure following obstruction due to upper urinary calculi
Hui-Xia ZHOU MD1,Zhi-Chun FENG MD1,Hao MENG MD1,Xiao-Guang ZHOU MD1,Shuang LI BM2,Jun WANG MM2,Shi-Xi DAI BM2,
1.Department of Urology, Bayi Children’s Hospital, General Hospital of Beijing Military Region, Beijing 100700, China; 2.Department of Urology, Wuhan Children’s Hospital, Wuhan 430030, China;
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Abstract  The surgical emergency treatments and curative effects of postrenal acute renal failure following obstruction due to upper urinary calculi in infants were evaluated. Of the 13 infants with postrenal acute renal failure following obstruction due to upper urinary calculi, 11 received retrograded catheterizations of the ureter with semi-rigid ureteroscopy (F 6.8), and two received open ureterolithotomy. The results showed that only one infant had anuresis and continuous reduction of hemoglobin 5h after the open ureterolithotomy and received exploration via excision and peritoneal dialysis, and the remaining 12 patients well recovered in this group. The renal function of all the patients was restored without postoperative complications. It is concluded that the retrograded catheterization of the ureter with ureteroscopy is a minimally invasive, safe and effective therapy for postrenal acute renal failure following obstruction due to upper urinary calculi in infants. For those infants whose urethras are thin and small, the open ureterolithotomy is a suitable method. But patients with bleeding tendency need to be corrected prior to the open ureterotomy to remove obstructions.
Keywords infant      acute renal failure      postrenal      ureteroscopy      
Issue Date: 05 March 2010
URL:  
http://academic.hep.com.cn/fmd/EN/10.1007/s11684-010-0009-6     OR     http://academic.hep.com.cn/fmd/EN/Y2010/V4/I1/127
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