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Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering

ISSN 2095-2201

ISSN 2095-221X(Online)

CN 10-1013/X

Postal Subscription Code 80-973

2018 Impact Factor: 3.883

Front. Environ. Sci. Eng.    2015, Vol. 9 Issue (1) : 84-95
Assessing the impact on groundwater safety of inter-basin water transfer using a coupled modeling approach
Haifeng JIA(),Shidong LIANG,Yansong ZHANG
School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
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Surface water and groundwater always behave in a coupled manner and are major components of hydrologic cycle. However, surface water simulation models and groundwater simulation models are run separately most of the time. Few models focus on the impact of hydraulic changes in the surface water flows on the groundwater, or specifically, the impact of a water transfer project to fill a seasonally dry channel. In this study, a linked surface water and groundwater simulation model was developed to assess the impact of a trans-basin water diversion project on the groundwater. A typical plain area east of Beijing was selected as a case study, representing Beijing’s main source of groundwater used for drinking water. A surface water quality model of the Chaobai River was developed based on the Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program (WASP), and a groundwater model was developed based on the Modular Finite-Difference Groundwater Flow Model (MODFLOW) and the Modular 3-D transport model (MT3D). The results of the surface water simulation were used as input for the groundwater simulation. Water levels and four contaminants (NH3-N, CODMn, F, As) were simulated. With the same initial and boundary conditions, scenario analyses were performed to quantify the impact of different quantities of diversion water on the groundwater environment. The results showed the water quality of the groundwater sources was not significantly affected.

Keywords surface water      groundwater      linked model      groundwater safety impact assessment      water diversion     
Corresponding Authors: Haifeng JIA   
Online First Date: 09 July 2014    Issue Date: 31 December 2014
 Cite this article:   
Haifeng JIA,Shidong LIANG,Yansong ZHANG. Assessing the impact on groundwater safety of inter-basin water transfer using a coupled modeling approach[J]. Front. Environ. Sci. Eng., 2015, 9(1): 84-95.
Fig.1  Study area in the Shunyi District, Beijing
standard grade As/(mg·L-1) F/(mg·L-1) NH3-N/(mg·L-1) CODMn/(mg·L-1)
NESSW IV 0.1 1.5 1.5 10
V 0.1 1.5 2.0 15
NESGW I 0.005 1.0 0.02 1
II 0.01 1.0 0.02 2
Tab.1  Standards for selected contaminant from the NESSW and the NESGW
Fig.2  Technical approach used in the project: (a) the framework of this project; (b) the linkage of the coupled model
Fig.3  Spatial conceptualization: (a) the surface water; (b) the groundwater
monitoring well mean error/m mean square deviation/m median errors/%
1# 0.885 1.217 4.45
2# 1.239 1.535 8.41
3# 0.462 0.765 3.59
4# 0.448 0.806 5.14
5# 0.564 0.974 4.69
6# 0.542 0.771 3.00
7# 0.610 0.918 4.25
average 0.676 0.998 4.79
Tab.2  Statistics of calibration for ground water
Fig.4  Simulated and measured water levels and pollutant concentration: (a) water level, monitoring well 3#; (b) water level, monitoring well 5#, (c) As, monitoring well 3#; (d) NH3-N, monitoring well 3#
Fig.5  Flow field and groundwater levels after five years: (a) the basic scenario, phreatic aquifer; (b) the basic scenario, confined aquifer; (c) the first-stage project scenario, phreatic aquifer; (d) the first-stage project scenario, confined aquifer
Fig.6  Groundwater constituent concentrations after five years in the second-stage project scenario: (a) As, phreatic aquifer; (b) As, impermeable aquifer; (c) As, confined aquifer; (d) F, phreatic aquifer; (e) F, impermeable aquifer; (f) F, confined aquifer; (g) NH3-N, phreatic aquifer; (h) NH3-N, impermeable aquifer; (i) NH3-N, confined aquifer; (j) CODMn, phreatic aquifer; (k) CODMn, impermeable aquifer; (l) CODMn, confined aquifer
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